Текст Should cars be banned from city centres? с переводом.
Should cars be banned from city centres?
Нужно ли запретить машинам въезд в центры городов?
|Most people would agree that cars have made our lives much easier. They have, however, brought many problems as well. Many people now believe that there should be a total ban on cars from our city centres. Undoubtedly, this suggestion has both advantages and disadvantages.||Большинство людей согласилось бы, что машины облегчают нашу жизнь. Однако, они также принесли много проблем. Сейчас многие люди полагают, что машинам надо полностью запретить въезд в центры городов. Несомненно, это предложение имеет как преимущества, так и недостатки.|
|There are many positive aspects to banning cars from city centres. To begin with, it would help to drastically reduce air and noise pollution. This is extremely important, especially as the carbon dioxide from car exhausts is seriously harming the environment and our health. In addition, it would probably reduce the number of accidents and generally make the city centre a more pleasant place to be.||Есть много положительных аспектов в запрете машинам въезжать в центры городов. Для начала стоит сказать, что это радикально снизило бы загрязнение воздуха и уровень шума. Это крайне важно, особенно потому что диоксид углерода из выхлопных труб наносит серьезный вред окружающей среде и нашему здоровью. Кроме того, это, вероятно бы, снизило число несчастных случаев и вообще сделало бы центр города более приятным местом для пребывания.|
|On the other hand, banning cars totally from city centres would have its disadvantages. Firstly, it would inconvenience millions of people. Cars are faster and more comfortable than public transport and do not follow fixed routes. Also, it is likely that public transport would be much more crowded. If cars were not allowed access to all parts of cities then more people would use public transport.||С другой стороны, полный запрет машинам въезжать в центры городов имеет и недостатки. Во-первых, это доставило бы неудобства миллионам людей. Машины более быстры и удобны, чем общественный транспорт, и не следуют заданному маршруту. Также вероятно, что общественный транспорт стал бы более переполнен людьми. Если бы машинам запретили въезжать во все районы городов, то больше бы людей пользовалось общественным транспортом.|
|All things considered, although there are many advantages to using cars in city centres, there is no excuse for people not to use public transport more often than at present. For this reason, I strongly argue that it would be better in the long run if cars were banned from city centres.||Принимая во внимание все выше изложенное, хотя имеются много преимуществ от использовании машин в городских центрах, у людей нет причин не использовать общественный транспорт чаще, чем сейчас. По этой причине я выступаю за то, что в долгосрочной перспективе было бы лучше, если бы машинам запретили бы доступ в центр.|
Источник: Spotlight, 10 класс
Whether cars should be banned in all town centres is a complicated issue, and one which many people have strong feelings about.
There are some reasons why cars should be banned. Firstly, it would reduce pollution greatly, which is especially important since town centres always consist of tall buildings and narrow spaces which often hold the pollution in one spot. Secondly, with less traffic there would be fewer accidents, and hence society would save money because of reduced medical expenses. Finally, with no cars in town centres there would be no need for large, ugly car parks and parking spaces. This would allow more space for buildings, houses, parks and the movement of buses and people, which could enhance a city greatly.
However, there are some reasons why cars should not be banned. Firstly, it would make it very difficult for many people to travel to work. Most people would have to use public transport (trains and buses) which may become overcrowded and unable to cope with the additional commuters.
Secondly, many people prefer cars because of the freedom it gives them, so banning cars would not be popular, and hence very difficult to implement* since few politicians would support the idea. Finally, cars are sometimes necessary to travel to parts of a city where public transport does not go. Cars are a more flexible transport, especially for the elderly or sick (or lazy).
In my opinion, cars should be restricted from town centres but only during peak hours. It would be impractical and impossible to ban cars completely because they are such an essential part of modern city living, however the problems of pollution and traffic congestion must be reduced. This solution is not perfect but the best we can do, and infact is done already in some major cities like Melborn in Australia.
This is a model response to a Writing Task 2 topic from High Scorer’s Choice IELTS Practice Tests book series (reprinted with permission). This answer is close to IELTS Band 9.
Set 5 Academic book, Practice Test 23
Writing Task 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Many cities have areas where the only cars are taxis and buses.
Is this a positive or a negative development? What are the effects of this on individuals and society?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Band 9 Essay
Banning cars from the centre of various cities around the world has been a strategy to reduce pollution and encourage people to use public transport. It has had various positive effects for both individuals and for society as a whole.
Banning cars from the centre of cities seems to be a very positive development. Fewer cars on the road means less pollution and fewer fossil fuel resources being used up. Although the effect on resources might be relatively negligible, it can create a newer way of thinking regarding the dynamics of transport within cities and this could be the most important benefit to society. Some people working in the centre of these cities may complain about inconvenience, but many would agree that this is a small price to pay.
A reduction in the reliance of people on private vehicles is likely to encourage them to use public transport or even bicycles. Using public transport, especially the types that run on clean sources of power, will significantly raise air quality levels in cities, which will of course benefit everyone. The clean air could even further encourage the use of bicycles, which would in turn promote more healthy lifestyles and less obesity. This would contribute on an individual level to people’s well-being and a better and longer life, and on a societal level, it would lessen the strain on public health resources. Governments could encourage this by creating more bicycle lanes to make cycling easier and safer.
In conclusion, it is clear that banning cars from the centre of cities is significantly beneficial. Better health and ecology, as well as improvement in longevity and well-being can benefit individuals and the entire society.
Go here for more IELTS Band 9 Essays
In Modern Life cars play an important role in daily activities. It’s one of the inventions that make human’s life much easier, meanwhile it has it’s own drawbacks as well such as pollution, traffic and noise. Some people believe that although cars are useful, they should be banned in city center while other group of individuals are totally against it.
According first point of view, cars make the environment polluted and noisy and conclude that it should be banned in city center which is too crowded. They believe people have to waste their valuable time in heavy traffic jams. Moreover, they believe by reducing the number of cars in the streets government can save a huge amount of petrol.
There is another view which is against the previous one. People of this group believe that government shouldn’t banned cars in city center because a large group of people live and work in this area not in country side. In their point of view there are solutions for solving the former problems. For instance, by building multi-story parking spaces we can reduce the traffic problem because many cars are waiting and rounding to find a parking space which makes traffic jam or by using clean fuels for cars the pollution problem can be solved. In the worst situation, for reducing the number of cars government can divided cars into 2 groups by their number plates for entering the city center area .
To sum up, in my opinion it’s not essential to ban cars. Government can train people about using cars. It will be beneficial specially if they train children who are our next generation. The can spread using bicycles instead of cars in some hectic areas.
IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.
IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 275 – Some people think that cars should be banned from large cities
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Some people think that cars should be banned from large cities.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
There is a dramatic increase in private transportation around the globe over the last few years. Increased wages, economic prosperity and depletion in vehicle prices made easy for people to have their own personal car. However, this has led to various detrimental issues including congestion, pollution and safety. For those reasons, I believe that limiting the number of cars in bigger cities could mitigate those problems. Completely banning cars in big cities is not a plausible solution as it is unrealistic, however, restricting the number of such private cars would be an effective solution indeed.
Nowadays, traffic contributed a lot in widespread of pollution. Car smoke, traffic jams and loud horns of vehicles are few reasons that significantly affect the environment and people in many ways. People are more vulnerable to various diseases and many have serious health issues due to pollution. In order to tackle this issues, restriction on private car ownership should be imposed. Not allowing people to drive their cars in big cities is not possible while it is much reasonable to restrict the number of cars a family can own, the number of minimum passenger on each car while driving would be the two pragmatic solutions.
Additionally, in order to combat with traffic congestion, new road infrastructure have been introduced by various nations that include deforestation to acquire more space to build new roads, modern bridges and pedestrian pathways. Those development works could destroy the natural habitat of various species that could lead towards the extinction of them from various countries. Nevertheless, prudent decisions should be taken to enhance the number of roads without doing any harm to the natural environment.
On the other hand, personal vehicles are more convenient and safer than other means of transportation. This is not surprising that people often feel more comfortable and relaxed while driving their cars. Completely banning the use of private cars in cities would deprive people to travel freely and according to their own preference.
To sum up, controlling and restricting vehicles in large cities would definitely play a pivotal role in improving people’s health and would also help in controlling factors that are the cause of deteriorating situation of the environment. But banning the private cars completely in big cities is not a pragmatic solution in my opinion.
[ Written by – Fahad Sultan ]
Sample Essay 2:
Two common problems usually faced by a big city – traffic jam and air pollution, which are caused by many factors. However, most people tend to blame a large number of private cars as the greatest contributing factor which leads to the some people’s opinion claiming that the cars must be prohibited in the town. Although this statement seems plausible, I totally disagree that this kind of vehicle should be banned from the metropolis.
The cars are not only beneficial for the citizen as a user but also for the state, in increasing its income. If the existence of the cars in the large city is forbidden by the government, there will not be car trade in that town which consequently will reduce total sales of cars nationwide. This finally will decrease nation’s earning because car companies will drop their production for that country and the tax revenue from the car sales will diminish automatically. Furthermore, this will also reduce annual car-tax revenue in which for some countries, this kind of tax is their main earning source.
On the other hand, this will cause another problem, for the car owners in particular, in which the government should be involved to overcome this problem. By banning the use of cars in the big city, cars owned by the city inhabitants will be useless and eventually they must sell their cars because this can harm them financially. If we look at the large total number of cars must be sold and the fact that the owners do not want to sell their cars at a lower price, this might be a difficult problem to be solved.
Finally, a huge budget must be allocated to improve the alternative vehicles in the city and many countries will not be able to eventually do it successfully. The car is considered as one of the most useful inventions ever and banning them is not a pragmatic solution. We should rather take alternative initiatives to reduce the traffic jam and air pollution in big cities.
Personally, I strongly believe that prohibiting people to drive cars in big cities will generate some problems both for the state and the owners. Even though the cars contribute to the occurrence of traffic jam and air pollution in some cities, it must be the other ways to combat those problems without banning the existence of cars, such as creating underground transportation and green energies as a car fuel.
[ Written by – Cipto Troena ]