Представлено сочинение на английском языке Медный всадник (памятник)/ The Bronze Horseman (the statue) с переводом на русский язык.
|The Bronze Horseman (the statue)||Медный всадник (памятник)|
|There are a lot of monuments in Saint Petersburg but the most famous one is probably the Bronze Horseman, an equestrian statue of Peter the Great by a sculptor Etienne Falconet.||В Санкт-Петербурге огромное количество памятников, но, вероятно, самый известный, это памятник Петру I или Медный всадник. Его автор — скульптор Этьен Фальконе.|
|It’s located in the Senate Square near Saint Isaac’s Cathedral and the State Hermitage Museum by the Neva riverbank. There is an interesting mistake in the name of the statue, it’s made of bronze. The point is back in the days when it was made, copper was also called bronze. The name the Bronze Horseman was depicted by Pushkin in his poem of the same name.||Установлен он на Сенатской площади, рядом с Исаакиевским собором и музеем Эрмитаж, на набережной реки Невы. В название памятника закралось забавное недоразумение – он изготовлен из бронзы. Всё дело в том, что в те времена, когда он был изготовлен, медью могли называть и бронзу. Само название «Медный всадник» закрепилось за ним после написания Пушкиным одноимённого произведения.|
|The statue depicted Peter the Great riding a horse who is standing up and under it you can see a sneak that symbolizes dark force. The statue of the horse and Peter the Great is located on top of the big stone. This stone has a name too — Thunder stone. It was found in the suburbs of the city and it took several months to bring it to the place where it is right now. It was cleaned up and now we can see it the way it is.||Памятник представляет собой скульптуру российского царя Пётра I, сидящего на вздыбленном коне, у которого в ногах ползает змея, олицетворяющая тёмные силы. Статуя коня с Петром установлена на огромный камень. Этот камень даже имеет название – Гром-камень. Он был найден в окрестностях города и его несколько месяцев доставляли до места установки памятника. Затем его обработали, и он предстал перед нами в своём нынешнем виде.|
|The Grand Opening took place on August 7, 1782. The sculptor Falconet wasn’t able to be participate in this event.||Торжественное открытие памятника было 7 августа 1782 года. Скульптор Фальконе не смог участвовать в этом мероприятии.|
|After the opening of the monument a lot of stories and jokes were made about it and it was mentioned in different books. Nowadays it’s a symbol of the city and one of its main sights. There were also several coins issued with the picture of the monuments. Newlyweds love taking photos with it.||После открытия памятника появилось много легенд и шуток о нём, он упоминался в литературных произведениях. В наши дни он стал одним из символов города и его известной достопримечательностью. Было выпущено несколько монет с его изображением. На его фоне любят фотографироваться молодожёны.|
Достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга – Медный всадник
Медный всадник находится на Сенатской площади в Санкт-Петербурге и является самым известным символом этого города. Это высокая бронзовая статуя и она установлена на огромном каменном фундаменте, который выглядит как морская волна. Эта достопримечательность получила свое название благодаря одноименной поэме известного русского поэта А. С. Пушкина. Памятник окружен известными достопримечательностями: зданиями Сената и Синода, Адмиралтейством, Исаакиевским собором и т. д.
Его части изготавливались отдельно друг от друга. Рука медного всадника была изготовлена Мари-Анна Колло, змея была выплавлен Федором Гордеевым.
Статуя представляет собой скульптуру первого русского император Петра Великого. Он был спроектирован выдающимся итальянским архитектором Этьеном Фальконе в августе 1782 года. Памятник был возведен по указу Екатерины II.
Медный всадник посещают более миллиона туристов каждый год. Его можно увидеть довольно легко с набережной Большой Невы. Люди могут насладиться прекрасным видом на мемориал, реку, мосты и купить открытки или другие уникальные сувениры с изображением медного всадника. Каждый будет поражен этой восхитительной статуей, которую не должен пропустить ни один посетитель Санкт-Петербург.
The Bronze Horseman is located in Senatskaya square in Saint-Petersburg and it is the most famous symbol this Russian city. It is a tall bronze statue and built on a huge stone foundation, which looks like a sea wave. This place of interest received its name thanks to the eponymous poem written by famous Russian poet A. Pushkin. The monument is surrounded by famous sights: the buildings of Senate and Synod, Admiralty, St Isaac’s Cathedral, etc.
Its parts were made separately from each other. The hand The Bronze Horseman was molded by Mary Ann Kollo, the snake was molded by Fedor Gordeev.
The statue represents the first Russian imperator Peter The Great. It was designed by eminent Italian architector Etienne Maurice Falconet in august 1782. The monument was erected by a decree of Ekaterina II.
The Bronze Horseman is visited by more than a million tourists every year. It can be seen quite easy from Big Neva quay.
People can enjoy the beautiful view on the memorial, river, bridges and buy postcards or other unique souvenirs with image of The Bronze Horseman. Everybody will be amazed by this delightful statue, that should not missed by any visitor of Saint-Petersburg.
The most famous monument to Tsar Peter the Great in St. Petersburg is located on the Senate Square. It is also well known under the name “The Bronze Horseman”. The monument is located on the embankments of Neva River, not far from St. Isaac’s Cathedral. “The Bronze Horseman” is one of the symbols of the city and one of the main attractions of St. Petersburg. This place is very popular with residents and tourists. All tourists are certainly coming here. The newlyweds come here to take pictures of the monument background. In Russian the monument name is written as “Медный всадник” (Медный всадник).
Equestrian statue of Peter the Great was made by sculptor Etienne Falconet. The contract with the sculptor was signed in 1766. A variety of options for the monument were offer, but the sculptor made the monument in its sole discretion. Prepare the full size plaster model of the monument took twelve years. It was ready in 1769. The sculptor could not find a master for a long time, which could cast the statue. The casting of the statue was completed in 1778. Granite stone for pedestal was found near St. Petersburg and brought to the Senate Square. The monument was officially opened on August 7, 1782. It was the first equestrian statue of Russian Tsar.
Peter the Great sits on a rearing horse and points by his hand in the direction of Sweden – Russia’s main rival at that time. Sculpture weight is about 8 tons. The sculpture height is about 5 meters. The height of the podium is more than 6 meters. The total height of the monument is about 10.5 meters.
Monument to Peter the Great has turned out very successful and popular among the city residents. Poet Alexander Pushkin called one of his poems (the plot was linked to the monument), “The Bronze Horseman” in 1883. Due to the popularity of his work, the statue came to be called the “Bronze Horseman”.
It is convenient to go to the monument of St. Isaac’s Cathedral and the Winter Palace. The distance to the monument from the Palace Square about 700 meters
There are also located near the monument “The Bronze Horseman” in St. Petersburg: Palace Square, Admiralty, St. Isaac’s Cathedral, the «For Seasons» hotel.
- Specify the location of the monument on the tourist map of St. Petersburg.
- The nearest metro station is Admiralteiskaya (a distance about 700 meters).
Binary Images In ?The Bronze Horseman? Essay, Research Paper
Alexandr Pushkin?s poem ?The Bronze Horseman? is a seemingly glorious narrative of the solidity of the great city of Petrograd. The work extols Peter the Great and his awesome achievement of constructing a shining new city whose beauty is contrasted with the paleness of its predecessor, Moscow. At first, the poem gives Peter a mythological quality and emphasizes his position as a national hero. ?The Bronze Horseman,? however, does not depict Petrograd and its founder in a positive light for long. The latter section of the work recounts the story of Yevgeni, a denizen of Peter?s city whose life and dreams are ruined by a flood which engulfs Petrograd. Pushkin uses sets of contrasting binary images to emphasize the discrepancy between Yevgeni?s struggle and the ease with which the city handles the crisis. One key contrast is between Peter?s greatness and Yevgeni?s humanity. This difference is evident in his descriptions of the two characters? language, homes, aspirations, and fates. Peter?s greatness is first emphasized in the poem?s opening line. Referring to Peter simply as he, Pushkin gives the czar a majestic tone from the outset. Peter stands along a barren shore, having vanquished the Finns. His mind is full of grandiose thoughts: plans for the future and the transformation of his country. Peter thinks and speaks in declarative and unquestionable tones. ?From here we will outface the Swede; To spite our haughty neighbor I shall found a city here.? Yevgeni?s speech lacks the confidence of Peter?s. Rather, his is full of questions, some being rhetorical and some being actual dilemmas which Yevgeni must face. While Peter considers the construction of an entire city, Yevgeni occupies himself with thoughts of marriage, children and ?a humble, simple shelter.? While Peter strives to achieve immortality through his metropolis, Yevgeni thinks of his grandchildren as his legacy, and imagines going ?hand in hand to the grave? with his love, Parasha. During the flood, Peter has great concern for his city while Yevgeni has concern only for his loved ones. The fact that the czar is upset by the loss of a city while Yevgeni loses only a lover and a daughter gives an excellent perspective of the scope of the two characters? worlds. Peter?s greatness and broad responsibility prohibit him from sharing Yevgeni?s human concerns. Peter, instead of mourning the loss of people, laments that he was unable to ?master the divine elements.? Finally, the measure of Peter?s greatness versus Yevgeni?s (pathetic) humanity can be observed through their fates. Peter, arguably the greater of the two madmen, is immortalized through grand tributes. He leaves behind a window to Europe, a modern city bearing his name, and the majestic bronze horseman statue. Yevgeni, on the other hand, is not immortalized. While Peter?s love was a stone city which endured the high water, Yevgeni?s love was a woman of flesh who perished in the deluge. While Peter carried on with his remains, Yevgeni had no remains. His whole existence was ruined with the death of one, and his sanity died with her. ?The Bronze Horseman? can be interpreted to mean many things. All of those interpretations involve a conflict between Peter and Yevgeni?a conflict which Pushkin emphasizes through his use of contrasting images.
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The poem “The Bronze Horseman” is a narrative about the tragic fate of a simple inhabitant of St. Petersburg who lost his beloved girl during the flood, and along with it all dreams and hopes for a future life.
In “The Bronze Horseman” Pushkin raises the theme of “little man” and the theme of the role of Peter I in the fate of Russia. The main conflict of the work is the confrontation between the individual and the authorities. For a general overview of the work, we suggest that you read the online summary “The Bronze Horseman”, performed by an experienced literature teacher.
Eugene is a poor official who dreams of a family, a calm, measured life. He is going crazy, unable to reconcile himself to the death of his beloved girl during the flood.
Peter I – reviving in the imagination of Eugene the image of a monument to the tsar.
Parasha – the lover
of Eugene, who perishes during the flood in St. Petersburg.
The author says that the story he told is based on “the truth,” and he drew information about the flood from the journals of the time he is writing about.
At the deserted banks of the Neva stood once Peter I, thinking about the time when the city will be founded here:
“Nature here is destined for us to
cut through the window to Europe.”
After a lapse of a hundred years on a place where there was nothing before, except for the “darkness of the forests” and swampy marshes, the “young and beautiful city” rose “magnificently, proudly.” “Young City” overshadowed the beauty, wealth and power of Moscow itself. The author confesses his love for the city, “Peter the creature”, and believes that created by the will of the ruler, he will stand for many centuries “unshakably like Russia”, and the defeated element of the Finnish waves will forget about his former greatness and will not disturb
Peter’s “eternal sleep” .
The narrator proceeds to the story of a difficult time, the memory of which is still fresh.
Late on a rainy evening in November, a hero named Eugene returned home from the guests.
Lives in Kolomna, somewhere serves,
Dychitsya nobles and does not tuzhit
Neither about the resting relatives,
nor about the forgotten old times.”
Heavy thoughts about poverty, about his life, which still deserve “independence and honor,” prevent him from falling asleep. In addition, because of the bad weather, the water in the Neva was rising and, most likely, already washed off the bridges – now Eugene can not see his beloved girl Parasha, who lives “near the Gulf”, on the other shore for several days. Eugene dreamed of life with Parasha, about their future together and, finally, fell asleep.
The day was terrible:
“Neva swelled and roared,
And suddenly, like a beast furious,
On the city rushed.”
The squares turned into lakes, and in them “the broad rivers poured in the streets.” Water destroyed houses and carried away people, fragments of dwellings, bridges – everything that met on the way.
On the marble lion, near one of the city’s new wealthy houses, Eugene sat motionless among the general chaos. He did not see or hear the wind, nor the rain, beating over his face-he was worried about the fate of his beloved. The young man looked in despair at the places where, “like mountains, waves rose from indignant depths, a storm drifted, fragments rushed” – to where Parasha lived with her mother. It seemed to the hero that he saw both the unpainted fence and their shabby shack.
Eugene was sitting, unable to move. Around everywhere there was water, and in front of him – facing back to him “an idol on a bronze horse”. The monument to Peter I towered above the raging Neva.
At last the water began to subside. Eugene, “dying in peace, in hope, fear and longing”, hiring a carrier, floats to his beloved. Going ashore, the hero runs to the house where Parasha lived, he does not believe the eyes, walks again and again around the place where the girl lived, and does not find her home – he is washed away by the Neva. “Full of gloomy care,” Eugene loudly speaks to himself, and then laughs.
The next day has come, the Neva has calmed down, the city has returned to former life. Residents went to the service, the trade resumed.
Only Eugene could not bear the death of his beloved, his “confused mind” could not stand the shock. Busy with gloomy thoughts, he wandered around the city, not returning home. So passed the first week, then a month. The young man slept where he had to, and fed on alms. Sometimes, the children threw stones after him, he was beaten by the whip of the coachmen, when he, without analyzing the road, almost got under the wheels of the carts. An internal alarm consumed him.
“And so he
lost his wretched age, no beast or man,
Neither one thing, nor the inhabitant of the world,
No ghost dead…”
One day at the end of summer, spending the night near the Neva pier, Eugene was roused by advancing ravages. It was raining, the wind howled, the Neva was boiling. Remembering the horror of the flood, the hero began to wander the streets. Fear suddenly stopped – he found himself near the house, where he was rescued from the raging river on the night of the death of Parasha. On the porch of a large new house, still there were statues of lions, and nearby stood Pyotr on a bronze horse. Eugene also recognized the place where the “Flood played”, and the lions, and that “whose will was the fatal under the sea city was founded.” It is Peter who is responsible for his grief.
He clenched his teeth, clenched his fingers, shivered with overwhelming anger, looked into Peter’s eyes and whispered with a threat: “You’re already there!” And suddenly he rushed away: to the hero it seemed that the king’s face flared with anger and the rider began to turn in his direction. All night Evgenie escaped from the alleged persecution of Peter – wherever he folded, everywhere he heard the tramping of horse hoofs of the revived “brass rider”.
Ever since, when Eugene was near the monument, he humbly lowered his eyes, took off his cap and pressed his hand to his heart, “as if to subdue his flour.”
The hero could not survive the loss and recover. Dead “madman” Eugene found in the spring at the threshold of a shabby shack, which flooded into a deserted island off the seashore. Here, on the island, he was buried.
Telling the story of Eugene, the author leads us to the conclusion that the contradictions between the authorities and small people do not disappear and are not resolved – they are always tragically interrelated. Pushkin for the first time in Russian literature showed the insolubility between the state interests and the interests of the common man. That is why the images of the main characters in the author’s image are ambiguous: we see Peter – the transformer and Peter the autocrat, Eugene – a petty official and a rebel, outraged by the actions of the king himself.
After reading the retelling of the Bronze Horseman, the reader is ready to perceive the unique Pushkin images and language of the poem.