You are only a teenager once сочинение

помогите пожалуйста написать сочинение на англииском



7 лет назад

little witch



12 лет назад

You are only teenager once
I completely agree with this statement.But at first let us find out who teenager is.He or she is a young person between 13 and 19 years old.In fact,this period is considered emotional behaviour and their mood changes very often.Teenagers do not know what they exactly want.They usually argue with parents and do not agree with what they telling them.Despite these facts that time is only once in our life.In addition,It is so perfect when you can choose what you want and give your opinion about politics,society,relationship and many others important issues.But there are many dangerous things which a teenager can be affected.It includes drugs,smoking,bad people and others.
A teenager can express themselves in arts,sports,science.Also,young people can take part in variety class activities.In this touching period teenagers fall in love.Consequently,we are teenagers once so we should not waste our time, about parents and do things for good country and society!

Материал из Викирешебника

Английский язык для 9-го класса

English 9grade Afanaseva.png

Предмет: Английский язык
Класс: 9 класс
Автор учебника: Афанасьева О.В.
Михеева И.В.
Год издания: 2007
Кол-во заданий:
Кол-во упражнений: 274

Мы в социальных сетях

Телеграм • ВКонтакте

Правки, дополнительные вопросы по упражнению и теме можно оставлять на странице обсуждения.

Описание и ответ задания[править | править код]

Here are ten topic sentences of some paragraphs from ten letters. Write the actual paragraphs. Make them colourful by using details.

  • My birthday present was an exciting surprise.
  • I opened the door and there stood Jack, my distant relative.
  • Fred was the happiest husband I have ever seen.
  • Recently 1 got invited to a wedding.
  • I have a real friend in my family.
  • I think Diana deprives her son of self-respect.
  • Dear Jane, you should develop a sense of responsibility in your elder daughter.
  • The Harrisons spoil their children in every possible way.
  • Florence is genuinely interested in her parents’ problems.
  • I’m sure, Don, you should teach your children good manners.

When I opened my birthday present, I was so surprised! It was a new electric guitar, something I had wanted for a long time. I was ecstatic, and my family clapped and cheered when I opened it.

Jack, my distant relative, came to visit me the other day. I hadn’t seen him in years and I was so excited when I opened the door and saw him standing there with a big smile on his face. We hugged and talked for hours, catching up on what had happened in our lives over the years.

When Fred and Mary said their vows at their wedding, Fred was the happiest husband I have ever seen. His eyes sparkled with joy, and his smile was so wide it seemed like it would never end. He looked so in love, and I could feel the love between them.

Recently I got invited to a wedding. My best friend from childhood was getting married and I was so excited to be part of the celebration. I was so happy to see my friend so happy, and it made me feel like part of the family.

I have a real friend in my family. My cousin, Bill, is someone I can trust and rely on. He is always there for me when I need help and support, and he is always ready with a kind word and a listening ear. He is a great friend and I am so lucky to have him in my life.

I think Diana deprives her son of self-respect. She is always telling him what to do and what to think, and she never gives him the chance to make his own decisions. She never listens to his opinions, which makes him feel like he doesn’t matter.

Dear Jane, I think you should develop a sense of responsibility in your elder daughter. She needs to learn how to take responsibility for her actions and how to be accountable for her decisions. Encourage her to make decisions on her own, and to take ownership of them.

The Harrisons spoil their children in every possible way. They give them whatever they want and never expect anything in return. They let them get away with anything, and never teach them the value of hard work. They think they’re doing their children a favour, but it could have a negative impact in the long run.

Florence is genuinely interested in her parents’ problems. Whenever they have an issue, she is there to help. She listens to them and offers her advice and support. She always puts her parents first and makes sure they are taken care of before she takes care of herself.

Dear Don, I’m sure you should teach your children good manners. Teach them to always say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’, to be respectful of their elders, and to be courteous to others. Instilling good manners in your children from an early age is essential for their development and future success.

Перевод задания и ответа[править | править код]


Этот раздел требует полной доработки. Знаете ответ? Тогда Вы можете помочь проекту!

  • Этот раздел задания необходимо заполнить. Комментарии могут быть на странице обсуждения.

Другие задачи учебника[править | править код]

Educational establishment

“Gymnasium №9”

The Research Work

We are only a teenager once”

Students of the 10th form Chueva Tatyana,

Cheprova Valeria

Ermakov Dmitry

Teacher of English Belyakovtseva E.I.

Shadrinsk, 2009

Муниципальное общеобразовательное учреждение

«Гимназия №9»

Информативно – реферативная работа

по теме

«You are only a teenager once»

Учащиеся 10 класса Чуева Татьяна

Чепрова Валерия

Ермаков Дмитрий

Учитель английского языка Беляковцева Е.И.

г. Шадринск, 2009


  1. Introduction
  2. The global problems of the young generation:
  • Alcohol
  • Drugs and Smoking
  1. The realization problem of teenagers as a personality.
  2. The subculture as a form to show the teen’s individuality.
  3. Conclusion
  4. Bibliography
    1. Introduction

This topic of a work is very actual nowadays. The teenagers had a lot of problems twenty or thirty years ago, and now teens of all the country face these problems too. You see that we are teenagers; we have a lot of complicated problems.

The aim of our work is to search the teens’ problem in different countries of the world.

The tasks are:

  • To study the global problems of the society in teens’ environment.
  • To consider the problem of this age through the teens’ relationships with each other and the old generation.
  • To follow the decision of the “self – identification” problem among the teenagers in the society through the continuity to various subcultures.

The value of our work is that we tried to collect all main problems of modern teenagers.

Today it is fashionable to speak about teenage problems. A few years alcohol, fights, killing and other kinds of violence were more problems for adults than for young people.

But now, as official reports admit violence. AIDS, drugs and alcohol are more and more associated with youngsters. For many children from poor families violence, drinking problems and all that is associated with poverty becomes more than reality.

Some specialists explain that the change of our society, the system of our life force young people to choose their own lifestyle.

No doubt, the teen’s problems will increase. And young people should feel that are cared for.

How does it feel to be young in the world which faces so many complicated and perplexing questions even grown-ups can’t answer?

If the grown-up world has some ability, the world of teenagers is, in most cases, full of doubts in themselves and their future.

Establishing relations with other people – parents, teachers, and friends – doesn’t always come easy either. What may comforts you is that these problems are not unique as most people pass through this difficult stage too.

Young people are usually quite impressionable and sensitive and tend to jump to conclusions as they don’t often have enough experience and wisdom to estimate the situation and foresee all possible results of their behavior. Naturally that may lead to certain problems and misunderstanding.

“What does the future for us? Are we going to be happy? Shall we find a good job?” All these questions and many others are of primary importance for you and your peers.

Your future begins today and largely depends on what you are doing now.

    1. The global problems of the young generation


Though all people know the truth about the unprecedented guile of alcohol drinks, many of them fall in its skillfully set up traps. This is because of the character of alcohol, which can force to like itself, despite its harmful, sick and dissolute nature.

What is alcohol?

  Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant that slows down body functions such as heart rate and respiration. Small quantities of alcohol may induce feelings of well being and relaxation; but in larger amounts, alcohol can cause intoxication, sedation, unconsciousness and even death.

There are three types of alcoholic beverages:

* Beer is fermented from grains and contains three to six percent alcohol.
* Wine is fermented from fruit and normally contains 12 to 14 percent alcohol. Fortified wines have additional alcohol added and contain 18 to 20 percent alcohol. Wine coolers are a mixture of fruit juice, sugar, and red or white wine, and contain four to seven percent alcohol (approximately the same alcoholic content as beer)
* Liquor is made from distilled (boiled off) alcohol and contains 40 to 50 percent alcohol. This is expressed as degrees of proof (two proof equals one percent alcohol). For example, 80 proof liquor is 40 percent alcohol.

Factors that influence alcohol’s effect.

   Drinking has different effects on different people, and the same amount of alcohol can affect the same person differently on different occasions. Four factors influence how alcohol affects people:

   Amount of Alcohol. The more alcohol, the stronger the effects. A person may drink beer, wine, or whiskey; what matters is the amount of alcohol that is consumed.

   Body Weight. People who weigh more are less affected by the same amount of alcohol than people who weigh less. Alcohol is water soluble heavier people have more blood and water in their bodies, so the same amount of alcohol will be more diluted. Gender also affects the influence of alcohol. Women have a higher proportion of fat and a lower proportion of water in their bodies than men; therefore, a woman will have a higher blood alcohol content than a man who is of the same weight and who drinks the same amount.

   Food. Alcohol “goes to the head” more slowly if one has just eaten or if one eats while drinking. Food slows down the passage of alcohol from the stomach to the small intestine.

   Attitudes. What a person expects to happen after drinking has a lot to do with what does happen. A drinker who expects to get drunk is more likely to feel or act drunk.

    In one study, an experienced group of drinkers was given a glass of something non-alcoholic but was told it contained alcohol. Most of the group still got drunk.

The analysis of a data received.

  We have got 21 male and 15 female respondents. Among these people there are only a man and a woman who do not drink alcohol at all.

The attitude towards the alcohol is distributed as following: 39% – positive (among them: 13- men and only 1 woman); 39%- neutral (among them: 6 men and 8 women); 22%- simply do not like, when there is someone drunk beside them (among them: 2 men and 6 women) and none of the respondents said that their attitude is negative.

   29% of male and 27% of female respondents have parents who do not drink at all. 4% of male and 13% of female students have only father who drinks (in general) and 4% and 6% respectively- only mother. The percentage of both parents drinking (in general) is 62 for men and 53 for women. This way the difference between the current and the next generation (the youth) can be shown. As we see from this data, the percentage of non-drinking parents is far from 1/21 and 1/15 (5% and 7%) of their off springs. Most of the men drink with their friends from the university (55%) and the largest part of female responses to this question fall on the answer B)-with other friends/buddies (50%).

   The next few questions we consider to be rather interesting, because they primarily deal with the alcoholic dependency and its stages. The question about drinking alone as one of a symptom of alcoholism brought up the results of 50% of male students who could do this, and only 29% of female who have also chosen this answer. Drinking to overcome a hangover is normal for 55% of men and 14% of women. Doing the same thing at any time except mornings is suitable for 15% and 7% of students respectively. And only 30% of men and 79% of women consider this to be “not their style”. Unfortunately, as much as 85% of men and 64% of women do not need a normal reason for drinking like celebrating some party, etc. Two out of 20 male respondents and two out of 14 female have doubts about their dependency and 2 men consider themselves to be psychologically dependent already.

   From the graph above we can see the following interesting fact: none of the women do not care about the presence of their boyfriends while they are drinking and male respondents do not take their parents into consideration deciding how many drinks to have.

   Here we can see the tendency of male students usually drinking beer or strong alcoholic drinks, and females usually drinking cocktails of aperitifs.

   The question concerned ever trying to give up drinking and never following though was aimed to reveal one of the symptoms of the first stage of alcohol dependency. The results were: 30% of men and 14 % of women tried to do so. 25% of men and no females tried to reduce the amount of alcohol consumed and succeeded and 5% and 7% respectively tried but did not succeed in reducing it.

   Only 30% of males and 7% of the females would reduce the amount consumed if their parents were stricter about their behaviour. But if they ease to give them pocket money 40% of male respondents and 43% of female respondents would do  it.

    1. Drugs and Smoking

At present there exists another problem, concerning many teenagers. This is the problem of drug addiction.

This is an actual problem and becomes more and more dangerous. Million young people today are using drugs, and most of them will die. Usually they want just to try it, then again and again… and after year may be two years they will die. It is true, because there is no medicine to help you. That’s why never do it, if you do – it goes bad, very bad.

The government of every country takes measures to eliminate this addiction. But in most cases these measures aren’t very effective.

In connection with this problem the government of Russia decided that it needed a new anti-drugs campaign. However, before it did this, it studied young people’s attitudes. The survey showed that teenagers knew that drugs were bad for them but they could not actually name any health risk associated with particular drugs. It also showed that 61 per cent of teenage drug-users would consider stopping using drugs if they thought they were a serious danger to their health.

It was also understood that many teenagers ignored drugs warnings in schools because they thought they were childish. In fact, it was proved that in some cases, the reason for taking drugs was to rebel against warnings from adults.

Using the results of the survey, a new campaign has been started. The new campaign hopes to treat teenagers like adults. It informs young people of the health risks associated with particular drugs.

Many teenagers try drugs as a ‘dare’ to show their friends that they are not scared. Often their friends insist until the person says ‘yes’. The Medical Service hopes that the advertisements will help teenagers to say ‘no’ to this and be able to have good reasons to say it. In addition to posters, the Medical Service has also made radio advertisements and put the number of their drugs helpline (a telephone number that can be called confidentially for help) in a lot of places of our country. The people at the helpline advise people what to do if they have a drug problem or need more information about the dangers of drugs.

One of an aspect of drug problem is a smoking problem. Many young people think the situation is under control and they are just “toying” with cigarettes.

“Smokers never become old simply because they die younger” is a harsh but true fact. Beginning with those initial puffs of smoke is never a conscious decision. This initial choice of smoking is made as a teenager when the implications of tobacco use and its addiction are not known.

Smoking Statistics – Alarming Enough to De-motivate Smokers

  • About 33% of young people smokes.
  • Every minute, seven people die of tobacco use.
  • 4000 toxins constitute a single cigarette.
  • More than 90 % of lung cancer deaths are due to cigarette smoking.

Terrible Effects of Smoking

Most Deaths Due to Smoking are Caused by Cancer
It has been proven that smoking causes lung cancer and cancers of oral cavity, bladder. More than 95% of lung cancers are detected in smokers. 90% of smokers with lung cancer die within 3 years of diagnosis. The risk increases steadily with the number of cigarettes smoked per day.

Breathing Problems and Lung Disorders Caused By Smoke
The toxins in smoke can cause lung disorders like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchitis, and significant reduction in lung functioning. Smoker’s cough is common symptom that develops as the defense system tries to expel the chemicals accumulated in the air passage and lungs. Gradually, the respiratory system becomes more prone to infections due to lowered immunity.

Smoking and Heart Disease
Cigarette smoking is one of the major risk factors for high blood pressure and fatal heart attacks. Chemicals in the smoke develop atherosclerosis and lowers supply of oxygen to the heart leading to cardio-vascular diseases. The damage already caused due to smoking is reversible. The risk of developing a heart disease or stroke once you quit smoking successfully is the same as you never smoked. Of course this doesn’t mean that you wait till a later age to quit until completely smoke-dried.

Gateway Effects and Health risks for Second Hand Smokers
Effects of smoking are increased by manifold due to the gateway effects. Two important gateways are children choosing to smoke due to their parents; and the second gateway leading to many other addictions and drug abuse. Environmental tobacco smoke has large amount of toxins that cause harmful effects on non-smokers too.
Nowadays governments speak about educational work and other means of fighting smoking. In their opinion, anti-smoking advertisements and promoting a healthy way of life should become the main components of an anti-smoking campaign:

  • more information about the hazards of smoking: “agitation against smoking”; “persuade people that smoking is bad for their health” .
  • Educational talks on hazards of smoking among young people and teenagers: “talk to pupils in schools about the dangers of smoking”; “adult smokers are difficult to persuade, while conducting anti-tobacco work among the youth would be effective”
  • Promote healthy way of life: “involve more and more people in sports”; “advertise the slogan: `Go by the healthy way of life!'”

Some deputies think advertising for tobacco should be banned:

  • “prohibit any advertising of smoking”; “limit advertising of cigarettes”; “stop advertising cigarettes”

According to this problem we have hold a survey among our peers and found the teens’ answers.

In our work the problem of drugs has been disclosed. We see that drug addiction brings incorrigible harm to humanity. Still there is more and more people fall for its temptation. We know that medicine-drugs are given to seriously ill people to alleviate their suffering. But these medicines have one insidious property: organism gets accustomed to them quickly & wants new doses.

Drug addiction is our enemy. And if we don’t struggle against it, it’ll bring many losses. In addiction I want to say that drug addiction is as a white storm cloud, which isn’t seen on the horizon, but unfortunately, many young people have already been caught in its big, terrible rain.

3. The realization problem of teenagers as a personality.

Our age is so strange. We know that we are on the way to become adults. But this way is so hard. And we teenagers usually stay alone with our thoughts; because nobody even we ourselves understand what is happening around us. There are a lot of problems – that is what we know exactly. And problems are everywhere and we cannot expect why and where they come from. This is very difficult time though some people think that it is the best time. And what is more it’s hard to stay quiet and calm.

Every young generation has more complicated problems than previous. And maybe nowadays teenagers have more problems than other generations. And this difference awakes misunderstandings with parents. Sometimes it seems that the parents are too tiresome and dull in their demands. And also they often interfere into teens’ life. Parents always say that they are lazy and can’t do anything except rest. Moreover they give not much money, and they hardly can find a job because in their age they cannot be responsible for money of firm or do some kinds of job. And there is a great problem: parents also always doubt in teenagers’ independence. Youth is the time when a person is trying to find his place in the society. And during this search he or she comes across different problems which are as important as those of the adults. The youth of the 21st century face almost the same problems which were acute to their parents when they were young. One of them is a generation gap. Every generation is unique in its experience. It has its own ideals and a system of values concerning every aspect of human life. Adults always complain that the young people do not blindly accept the ideals of their parents. And this is inevitable as different generations take different directions. Grown-ups always teach the young how to live. But the latter want to live their own life. And it generates the conflict of the generations.

It should be said, that the young have other problems as well. They are concerned with education (which is rather expensive), money, employment, hobby, spending, their free time, communication and the like. And of course, one of the most urgent problems is the accommodations problem. Not many young people in our country have their own apartments. In the main, they share the apartments with their parents even after getting married. One more problem should be stressed. It’s the problem of the youth unemployment. The number of young people looking for job is constantly increasing. They are looking for job not only for the sake of earning money, but because they want to be independent from their parents. Job gives the young people a chance to adjust themselves to the real life of adults and stir their ambitions. School-leavers can be part-time workers, seasonal workers and so on. In general, their job is not welcomed. Very often preference is given to adult people. We think that every government should work out some social employment programmers.

Young people can be considered only a part of the society.

Emotional problems for young people can be far more difficult than financial ones. The typical teenager problem is that “nobody understands me”. Youth is also the time to meet your first love. Young people fall in love when they reach the age of Romeo and Juliet. Romanticism and idealism very often accompany the love of the young. It is regrettable, but the young are not always ready to have stable relations. For a happy family life two people must understand and respect each other. It is of course wonderful but as it is widely known that first love often has an unhappy end. This also increases young people’s problems. Even friends cannot always stay friends when young people begin to understand themselves a little bit better old friends sometimes just grow apart. And sometimes they have problems in communicating with each other and they even stay alone. So as you see it’s very difficult to be young nowadays as indeed it always was. But they only can be young ones and some wonderful things can happen to you only when you’re young. So it’s better to enjoy youth while it lasts.

To be a success is important all over the world. Society doesn’t like those who have achieved nothing. That’s why all young people want to work and be a success. The first step to it is a high diploma. Without it, it’s almost impossible to be successful. In order to get it they should compete. And of course, communication can be one of the most important problems of all young people of today. If they don’t like noisy clubs and other places of entertainment, they can make friends without leaving their apartment. The Internet gives such an opportunity. But the problem is that people can sit at the displays for 24 hours without eating, sleeping, having a rest, working or learning properly. We are sure, that it’s a great problem of the present and future.

4. The subculture as a form to show the teen’s individuality.

Young people are more violent than ever. Many people say that their lives have been made miserable by young people out on the street late at night. All those groups or subcultures are awful, because all of their members are violent. They only think about rebellion against society, its laws, they reject everything, they protest against their parents and school.

Today the life of many young people in Russia as well as in other countries of the world is influenced by popular culture. The young follow certain stereotypes that are imposed on them through TV, movies, and music. In their lifestyle they try to imitate the images of their idols. Other young people are sports and music fans. They frequent stadiums and huge concert halls. They follow their idols in their tours and support them. Unfortunately they are intolerant to those who don’t share their view. It’s a specific aspect of the youth subculture that can’t be ignored.

It’s difficult to identify youth culture today. The cultural progress is too fast and constantly appears new subcultures. They varied from “Teddy boys” rock groups, “Rockers” from 60th to the “Skin heads”, “Punks” and modern “Hip-hop” and “Rave styles”.

Street culture has no fixed address and you can’t use map to find it. But we should say that the main routs of modern cultures go from Africa to America and then to other countries and continents.

One of the most wide-spread cultures among young people today is hip-hop. Hip hop is a music genre and cultural movement which developed in New York City during the 1970s primarily among African Americans and Latin Americans. Hip Hop’s four main elements are Mc’ing (often called rapping), DJing, graffiti writing, and breakdance. Other elements include beatboxing, hip hop fashion, and slang. Since first emerging in the Bronx and Harlem, the lifestyle of hip hop culture has spread around the world. When hip hop music began to emerge, it was based around DJs who created rhythmic beats by looping breaks (small portions of songs emphasizing a percussive pattern) on two turntables. This was later accompanied by “rapping” (a rhythmic style of chanting). An original form of dancing, and particular styles of dress, arose among followers of this new music. These elements experienced considerable refinement and development over the course of the history of the culture.

The most noticeable for ordinary people part of hip-hop culture is graffiti – special paintings on the walls. At first city dwellers was against graffiti, they thought that it was eyesore and graffiti was illegal and punishable. But when hip-hop culture was spread it brought graffiti with it. The relationship between graffiti and hip hop culture arises from the appearance of new and increasingly elaborate and pervasive forms of the practice in areas where other elements of hip hop were evolving as art forms, with a heavy overlap between those who wrote and those who practiced other elements of the culture. Beatboxing is a mainly percussive vocal form in which various technical effects of hip hop DJs are imitated.

The other very interesting subculture is Hippy. This people opposed to the traditional styles of society and wear unusual clothes and usually have very long hair. The motto of hippy is: «Do everything you like”. And they follow it. The hippie subculture was originally a youth movement that began in the United States during the early 1960s and spread around the world. The word hippie derives from hipster, and was initially used to describe beatniks who had moved into San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury district. These people inherited the countercultural values of the Beat Generation, created their own communities, listened to psychedelic rock, embraced the sexual revolution, and used drugs such as cannabis and LSD to explore alternative states of consciousness. Hippie fashions and values had a major effect on culture, influencing popular music, television, film, literature, and the arts. Since the 1960s, many aspects of hippie culture have been assimilated by mainstream society. The religious and cultural diversity espoused by the hippies has gained widespread acceptance, and Eastern philosophy and spiritual concepts have reached a wide audience. The hippie legacy can be observed in contemporary culture in myriad forms — from health food, to music festivals, to contemporary sexual mores, and even to the cyberspace revolution.

The third famous subculture is Punk-Rock. On the street you can always recognize Punk-rockers by their colored haircuts and lots of piercing. Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia. Rooted in garage rock and other forms of what is now known as protopunk music, punk rock bands eschewed the perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. They created fast, hard-edged music, typically with short songs, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY (do it yourself) ethic, with many bands self-producing their recordings and distributing them through informal channels. By late 1976, bands such as the Ramones, in New York City, and the Sex Pistols and The Clash, in London, were recognized as the vanguard of a new musical movement. The following year saw punk rock spreading around the world. Punk quickly, though briefly, became a major cultural phenomenon in the United Kingdom. For the most part, punk took root in local scenes that tended to reject association with the mainstream. An associated punk subculture emerged, expressing youthful rebellion and characterized by distinctive clothing styles and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies. By the beginning of the 1980s, faster, more aggressive styles such as hardcore and Oi! had become the predominant mode of punk rock. Musicians identifying with or inspired by punk also pursued a broad range of other variations, giving rise to post-punk and the alternative rock movement. By the turn of the century, pop punk had been adopted by the mainstream, with bands such as Green Day and The Offspring bringing the genre widespread popularity.

Through the years piercing became popular among ordinary people. Nowadays you can see people who have got rings – hanging from ears and pushed through noses, lips and eye brows everywhere.

The goth subculture is a contemporary subculture found in many countries. It began in the United Kingdom during the early 1980s in the gothic rock scene, an offshoot of the post-punk genre. The goth subculture has survived much longer than others of the same era, and has continued to diversify. Its imagery and cultural proclivities indicate influences from nineteenth century Gothic literature along with horror movies and to a lesser extent the BDSM culture.

Researcher Maxim W. Furek has called Goth “a celebration of music, dress and attitude all wrapped around Thanatos, the Greek concept of death.” The goth subculture has associated tastes in music, aesthetics, and fashion, whether or not all individuals who share those tastes are in fact members of the goth subculture. Gothic music encompasses a number of different styles. Common to all is a tendency towards a lugubrious, mystical sound and outlook. Styles of dress within the subculture range from deathrock, punk, androgynous, Victorian, some Renaissance and medieval style clothes, or combinations of the above, most often with black attire, makeup and hair.

Close enough to punk and rock Emo is now know for it’s more emotional state of mind. Instead of the anger hard-core way of expressing one-self , Emo (short for emotional) has taken a new tole on the twentith century of expressing yourself. From the music with strong emotion and feeling, unlike hard rock or this is more of an alternative way to let your feeling be known.Emo is not only a classification or a type of music it’s also taken over the way one expresses themself by dressing. It includes the tighter fiting pants to the dyed-black or dark hair with it covering your face. The longer hair in front with the spikes in the back is also a more Emo- or emotional look to dressing. Emo is also being known as for the hot emo guys and emo girls kissing. From pictures all on the web to the music videos. Hot emo girl to girl and well as hot emo guy to guy is becoming more and more adventurous and more open concluding; Emo meaning being comfortable with oneself. Its a more direct way of altering the feelings one has without words, just emotion. Some say music is not a type of music. That it is more of a fashion and a way of feeling, hence the emotional. Just recently people have been considering emo to be a genre or music.. Taking back Sunday is one of the many bands people consider to be emo.

A skinhead is a member of a subculture that originated among working class youths in the United Kingdom in the 1960s, and then spread to other parts of the world. Named for their close-cropped or shaven heads, the first skinheads were greatly influenced by West Indian (specifically Jamaican) rude boys and British mods, in terms of fashion, music and lifestyle. Originally, the skinhead subculture was primarily based on those elements, not politics or race. Since then, however, attitudes toward race and politics have become factors in which some skinheads align themselves. The political spectrum within the skinhead scene ranges from the far right to the far left, although many skinheads are apolitical. Fashion-wise, skinheads range from a clean-cut 1960s mod-influenced style to less-strict punk- and hardcore-influenced styles.

We think that subculture is the culture of those who are dissatisfied with their place in society. Different subcultures have their own beliefs, value systems, fashion, and favorite music.

For example the subculture of Rastafairians was based on nostalgia for a lost word. They idealized Africa. Rastafairians were Afro-Caribbean immigrants in Britain. They began to wear distinctive clothes, camouflage jackets, large hats in the red, gold and green colours of Ethiopia and put their long, uncut hair in dreadlocks. They brought to us such tapes of music as ska, reggae and hip-hop. Many subcultures developed as a result of music fusion of black and white cultures. For example skinheads, which wore heavy boots, jeans and braces and shave their hair or cut it very short. Skinheads dreamed about the revival of the traditional working class culture. Skinheads were identified with extreme right wing views. There are many other subcultures such as Hippies, Punks, Mods, Rockers, Ravers and many others. Generally they were young people with low self-respect, who did poorly at school. They opposed the traditional world in which they where settled as fiasco elements.

Subcultures are not that bad as they are thought to be. Teens want to show off. But at the same time a lot of teens think about changing the world to the best. Subcultures are for teens. Then, we are sure, teenagers become good citizens. Some who were punks became the main editors of famous newspapers. A subculture is a way of life. It is not a fan club, it is a real life for teens.

На английском языке. Is it Easy to Be Young?
Youth is a wonderful, exciting and a very important period in the life of every person. It’s the time when a person is full of hopes, dreams and plans for future. Some people think that it’s easy to be young because you are strong, active and full of energy. The only problem is school and the choice of leisure time activities. Everything else is considered to be parents’ responsibility. Another problem that young people face is the choice of future career and life style. In fact, it is a very important period of life. Almost everything that happens later in life is the result of these choices. The outcomes may be both positive and negative depending on how someone decided to live. Apart from joyous and bright side of the youth, there are many other difficult issues in teenage life. First of all, it can the problem connected with drugs or alcohol. Many young people choose the wrong path not knowing where it leads. It depends on many factors: family background, surrounding society, personal or genetic traits. Unfortunately, the number of young addicts in our country is large, especially among teens. The second problem is the misunderstanding between kids and parents, which can also lead to unwanted effects. Young people often want to decide everything themselves without any adult help. At the same time parents often don’t understand their children. Thus, misunderstanding grows deeper. In my opinion, being young is not easy. You have to make different choices every day, which shape your future. On the other hand, it is the best period of life for everyone. Some things that happen at young age, can never be repeated in the adulthood.
Перевод на русский язык. Легко ли быть молодым?
Молодость – это прекрасный, интересный и очень важный период в жизни каждого человека. Это время, когда человек полон надежд, мечтаний и планов на будущее. Некоторые люди думают, что быть молодым легко, потому что вы сильны, активны и полны энергии. Единственная проблема заключается в школе и в выборе досуга. Все остальное на ответственности родителей. Еще одна проблема, с которой сталкиваются молодые люди – выбор будущей карьеры и образа жизни. На самом деле, это очень важный период жизни. Почти все, что происходит в дальнейшей жизни, является результатом этих выборов. Результаты могут быть как положительными, так и отрицательными, в зависимости от того, какой жизненный путь был выбран. Помимо радостной и яркой стороны молодости, в жизни подростка есть много других сложных вопросов. Прежде всего, это может проблема, связанная с алкоголем или наркотиками. Многие молодые люди выбирают неправильный путь, не зная, куда он ведет. Это зависит от многих факторов: семьи, окружающего общества, личных или генетических черт. К сожалению, число молодых наркоманов в нашей стране велико, особенно среди подростков. Вторая проблема заключается в непонимания между детьми и родителями, которое также может привести к нежелательным эффектам. Молодые люди часто хотят все решать сами, без помощи взрослых. В то же время родители часто не понимают своих детей. Таким образом, непонимание становится глубже. На мой взгляд, быть молодым нелегко. Ежедневно перед вами стоят различные выборы, которые формируют ваше будущее. С другой стороны, это лучший период в жизни каждого человека. Некоторые вещи, которые происходят в молодости, никогда не повторяются в зрелом возрасте.

Is it easy to be young?
I think that this is certainly a philosophical question. I`ll start with the definition of youth. Since I live in Russia, I`ll say, focusing on Russia`s standards. So, In Russia a young man is any person from 14 to 30 years. Youth according to this definition captures a long period of our lives. However, it should be recognized that the beginning of youth is the beginning of the adult life. You receive more responsibilities, problems, life makes sometimes take difficult decisions at the young age. I`m only 17 years old, and, of course, I will discuss with the height of this age, and discuss the problems of youth in a small range from 13 to 18 years.For most the conscious youth begins at the age of 18 and for some people even earlier. But let`s dwell on it… Absolutely not every young person who enters the stage of youth, is doing well and great. It shouldn`t be forgotten about the orphans, the homeless tramping children. I do not think that the period of youth is a happy time for them. Lonely, not supported by anyone except those fellow-sufferers, starving, freezing in the winter without proper clothing and nutrition, with poor health adolescents live in the streets. It`s not easy to be young for them. They do not have the period of youth as it is, they immediately get into the world of complicated adult life with many challenges: where to find something to eat, what to wear in cold weather, where to go in a freezing night and sleep peacefully.
We can not say that teenagers living in more or less affluent families, don`t have problems. They are just of a completely different level than that of homeless children. For the teenagers aged 13 to 18 who live with their families very common problems are having a healthy lifestyle, self-criticism, setbacks in their personal life, the problem of unrequited love, a dissatisfaction with their own position in society, lack of pocket money, teens are often not satisfied with their appearance. All these seemingly unimportant things, rather than problems inherent in many modern teenagers. But for teenagers it`s not trivial but important factors of personality. Unfortunately, there are quite a high percentage of children aged 13-18 years who commit suicide. This happens for various reasons, for example because of an unhappy love affair, because of falling in the influence of any religious organization or humiliation by their peers. All this is very sad.
I was personally acquainted with the girl 2 years older than me, she studied at my school, and was very active, positive person. But when she splat up with her young man, to everyone`s shock in a few days after the event she written a suicide note drank a large dose of potent drugs and died. Having come home in the evening her mother found her daughter already dead, and yet it was the only child in the family. What a blow it was to parents, it is impossible to describe. And for what was this suicide? To prove her former young man her sincere love? I can not answer this question… .
Another group of teenagers are children who are subjected to constant criticism from peers and at times systematic beatings, grabbing of money. It can`t be said that it`s only those repairs` fault who outrage. It`s also the fault of the children who suffer from such abuse. There must be a reason of such humiliation of the same teenager. This is primarily due to the weak character of the child, and children who once showed their weakness are no longer able to resist. These systematical claims often bring teenagers to suicide.
Children born in disadvantaged families, often also can not boast of a happy youth. Bad clothes, scanty food, and life on the brink of poverty leaves “happy” memories. But often, these young people due to their desire to escape from this life and due to their diligence become educated, influential people.
Now in our bustling world the teenagers have got many temptations that beset nearly everyone. These are drugs ( “light” and “heavy”), alcohol. They strongly affect not completely established adolescent psyche, making them potential victims of various religious organizations. In pursuit of acute sensations many teenagers create gangs involved in robbery, and sometimes murder, drug trafficking. Well, probably the most dangerous thing that many of them face, is the plague of the 21st century-AIDS.
In the 21 century it is very popular among teenagers to have so called “adulthood” life. What does this concept mean? This is unprotected sex, alcohol, drugs. A horrible set, isn`t it?
In the quest for knowledge of all the charms of adulthood, many young people forget that it is not so simple in this life as we would like, and often fall into the clutches of AIDS and hepatitis and can no longer get out of this “swamp”.
Health problems, unfortunately, also very common at this time in the world of youth. And it is not surprising. According to sociologists, 35% of young people drink alcohol regularly now, 47% smoke, 30% use “light” types of drugs. So it`s not surprising that most young people of the modern world have liver disease in 16 -17 years, kidney disease and cardio-vascular system. And in the modern world is even more difficult for those who have a congenital disease because the psychology of most teenagers is unfortunately the following: “If you are different from us, you`re not with us”. And children with birth defects have a very hard life, they have almost no friends, peers, there is no understanding with the outside world of adolescence, as if they are cut off from the world of youth. Such children usually grow up as inferior, flawed human beings.
At any age for all men and women relationship is very important, that is relation between sexes. In the youth world, these relationships play a significant role in the adolescent`s personality. If in the 90-s boys and girls began to meet actively with each other mainly from 17-18 years old, now this age limit moved up to 12-13 years old. And sometimes walking along the street, I notice these seemingly quite children, walking hand in hand and smiling to each other. When I see this, my heart fills with something like happiness. But what does such earlier relationship evidences? Perhaps, it shows the progress of society: children grow up much earlier and perceive the world differently than adolescents who were born in the 80-ies. That early sexual activity does not lead to anything good for teenagers, but the more attention is paid to the issue, the more interest it excites among young people, that is theadult society consciously rouses interest to this topic. Hence, there is a large number of unwanted pregnancies and therefore abortions, for which many girls are required, without considering the consequences. But often they are incited to this step by young people who do not want to become young fathers. Sometimes they are very sorry about this act.
We can not avoid the problem of hobbies of today`s youth. Now the number of things that can take interest is very great, and everyone chooses what he or she likes most. But sometimes these interests transgress the bounds of the law. In our time in terms of the interests of young people in the first part is the Internet and computer technology, communication with friends, music, sports, books. But it should be noticed that today`s teenagers get into a computer addiction, and often it is not less dangerous than drugs and alcohol. They can sit in front of the monitor for hours ruining his eyesight and not doing homework,but not for anything on their own they are ready to turn off the processor. This is one of the problems of today`s youngsters.
Music… Who would have ever thought that it could have such influence on modern teenagers to form their character and preferences? The most common kind of music today is pop music, and I can not say that it somehow radically affects the psyche of young people, but for example, emo music and emo culture in general promotes depression, tears, pain, dark hair, long bangs falling over people`s eyes, piercing. In general, the style is not very optimistic. And surprisingly, many of my peers, guys younger than me are amendable to this trend. I was amazed to see these seemingly normal people who deliberately mutilated themselves, doing piercing in all sorts of places of the body, whose eyes can`t be seen because of fringe, who have a clothes of only two colors: pink and black. However, fans of rock music also does not look particularly pleasant. I think that despite what music you listen, you need to adhere to a neutral style. Though I understand why young people begin dressing in an unusual way, strangely: they want to stand out among their peers, seem somebody better than they are. But sometimes these attempts end in misunderstanding by others, and often expelled from the society of their peers. Unfortunately, music is not the same as 20 years ago, when every song had a sense, it was interesting to listen to. Now, when I see the concerts on television half-naked, dancing more than singing “pop stars” are more often get in the frame and the texts of their songs are monotonous and are not meaningful. Similarly, young people know now how to dance mainly by club music, and few people know how to dance the world-famous rock-n-roll or samba.
Previously, youth entertainment centers were interesting and what is most important safe for adolescents, the today`s clubs can not guarantee any security, because in exactly such institutionsdrugs are spread and alcohol is promoted. Is it normal? Of course not! Often in the street I see a crowd of my peers and adolescents younger than me, who stand in a close circle and smoke and moreover drink alcohol. And if I see a young man sipping a beer, I am still neutral to it, but when I see girls who smokes cheap cigarettes like a locomotive, I honestly feel ashamed! After all, life given to us not to destroy ourselves! Though some respond to my argument: “In life it is necessary to try everything! It is interesting to understand what drugs are or feeling a hangover after the party the morning! “. But not everyone understands that, once having taken the drug, you can say goodbye to your life. All adolescents are maximalists. This is the reason why many of them fall into the clutches of drug dealers. All maximalists believe that they are able to stop taking drugs at any time, because they have strong personalities and can take a volitional decision. Just they do not even suspect that their will no longer exists, that they are the slaves of drugs forever. The realization of horror comes to drug addicts too late.. .
However, there are not only black stripes in the lives of young people. There are much more striking moments, true friends. Through the life each person remains wonderful memories of school years, about the adventures which he had when he was a teenager. And if the child grows up in a happy family, a good student at school and does not communicate with bad company, then he has every chance of becoming a successful person without encountering along the way any serious problems.
Someone in their teens meets his love and not leave it all their life, living in happiness and joy. After all, childhood is the happiest time, if the child has a warm home, loving parents, loyal friends. And from this side it seems easy to be young. After all, virtually no duties, except that everyone should study at school a lot of free time (it will not suffice only in high school), and you can do what you want. And this is happiness. Only we (teenagers) do not think about it, taking for grunted being supported by the parents and the fact that we are not obliged to anyone and free. And only then, in 15-20 years we realize how good it was and easy to live as a teenager Because adults are so busy and full of problems they are so tired but young people take everything much easier and have more fun.
Of course, my view may not necessarily reflect the views of philosophers and sociologists, but I write from the side of a young man and a part of the world of adolescents and of course my story is the result of my thoughts. I am just like many of my peers and of course like any teenager my character has its pluses and minuses. I am a maximlist like most young people. What can I say about my inner world? This world is already fairly well established, I have my own preferences and beliefs which I hold and which I uphold. Of course I am a choleric. IfI laugh then laugh heartily if you swear then to the white heat. Despite this hardly ideal character, I have quite a lot of friends around the world, and of course in Russia, where I live. I often travel and I am familiar to young people from Sweden, Turkey, England, Scotland, Canada, the USA, Nigeria and even Japan. And I find a common language with everyone, despite the different cultures of our peoples traditions and values. In all situations, I can cheer any man up there is a ray of optimism inside me. But in debates, I always stuck with only my views, and virtually nothing can make me change it, although perhaps I`m not always right. My nature helps me in my achievements. Once you ask? I Answer. In my 17 years I am a candidate for the Master of Sports in judo, and two years ago, I took the third place at the federal level competitions after which I was invited to the judicial board for judo Republic of Bashkortostan, despite of my young age. Naturally I agreed and now I go to manycities in Russia, where the judo competition take place, I work as an arbitrator and get paid for it. Not many of my contemporaries can boast such achievements. But a decisive factor in my success such a trait as obstinacy and desire to win that is inherent in any choleric. Sometimes I stumbled on the lack of understanding from the adult generation and of course argue trying to prove my point. I have a “sharp tongue” and in all situations I find the answer, but sometimes my tongue I doesn`t bring up to good, and I`m arguing with people close to me and friends.
Now among my peers and even in myself I began noticing egoism. Everyone tries to be better than others, while not stopping in front of almost any kind of obstacles on this path. Maybe selfishness is also inherent in the majority of young people though it is weakly expressed in some but stil, there are no people who do not think about their own advantage. All of us are a little bit selfish, and someone is nota bit. But if I am asked if I`d like to live in a world youth 30 years ago I can certainly respond with a refusal despite all the problems and shortcomings of the today`s young generation. Yes, and I have reasons. It is first of all modern technology. Yes, I do not deny that I am a little bit dependent on them now, I would miss cell phone, the Internet, computer games. And probably all of my peers would respond the same way as me. Yes, we all love nature, but to live on fresh air for a long time none of today`s teenagers want to, because there aren`t those conveniences to which they are accustomed in everyday life. Also a resident of rural areas will not be able to feel comfortable in a stuffy town.
Our government assures everybody that it is necessary to support young people, to create youth organizations, to build new sports facilities for children and adolescents, to increase salaries for teachers and doctors, but for the last 6 years only small improvements arenoticeable in this area. Only few building for sport have been built and they are often given in the hands of private owners, and young people have to do sports in the basements (I had been doing it for over 8 years) until my coach found a decent room for her own money. But adolescents are sporting future of Russia, and good conditions for sport should be provided for them.
School is the most important stage in the life of everyone, and teachers are people who help still very young naive kids become decent personalities. And what happens? Why do some teachers from the very youth and all their life live in the dorms (and I know such teacher), and get by modern standards a small salary, sacrificing personal time for the kids at the same time. This issue is being discussed more than a year, but hasn`t significantly changed. Children`s clinics, where doctors should treat and protect children and teenagers, vegetate. Especially young doctors are in need of money and they are obliged to save human beings lives. It should be confessed that there are many youth organizations in Russia now, but few of them get real help and support from the state.
Perhaps, I`ll turn to the conclusions of my story.
I am convinced that there isn`t a single answer to the question if it is easy to be young or not. In teenage life there are both positive and negative points. This question can safely be called the eternal, or philosophical. I live in a wealthy family and I especially do not complain at that I am given an excellent education, my parents buy good clothes, teach me life, help in difficult situations and I`m happy. But many do not have all that I have, and we can not say that all teenagers are absolutely happy. Some would say that it`s easy to be young, someone would say that not very much, so many people, so many opinions. I thank God that I was born and grow up in good conditions, need nothing. Some adults think that youth are turning away from religion. But it isnot true. I agree that it is not fashionable to go to church to pray, and therefore we do not see mass youth-church movements, but I assure you, almost every teenager believes in God, and occasionally whispers a short prayer, which his or her grandmother taught in a recent past, thanks God for successfully passed examinations or good luck. And so, as before, young people believe in God, and can not exist without the religious component. Still, this trend of changing in youth is due to the global progress of society. You can not compare the current youth and the one that was 30 years ago, every generation has its own behavior and values, and these values should not be persecuted as some adults are trying to do now.
That`s all I wanted to say about the question “Is it easy to be young”.
Мне кажется что это безусловно философский вопрос. Начну с определения молодости. Поскольку я живу в России, то скажу, ориентируясь на российский стандарты. Так вот, в России молодым считается любой человек от 14 до 30 лет. Молодость в данном определении захватывает большой период жизни каждого из нас. Однако следует признать, что начало молодости — это начало взрослой жизни. Появляется больше обязанностей, проблем, жизнь заставляет принимать порой тяжелые решения и в юном возрасте. Мне всего 17 лет, и, конечно, я буду рассуждать с высоты своего возраста и рассматривать проблемы молодости в небольшом промежутке от 13 до 18 лет. Для большинства осознанная молодость наступает с 18 лет, а у некоторых и раньше. Но здесь стоит остановиться… Абсолютно не у каждого подростка, вступающего в этап молодости, все прекрасно и замечательно. Не следует забывать о детях-сиротах, о бездомных скитающихся детях. Я не думаю что для них период молодости — счастливое время. Одни, никем не поддерживаемые, кроме таких же товарищей по несчастью, голодные, замерзающие зимой, без нормальной одежды и питания, с подорванным здоровьем, подростки живут на улицах городов. Для них быть молодым совершенно не просто. Да и сам период молодости у них отсутствует, они сразу попадают в мир тяжелой взрослой жизни с многочисленными проблемами: где найти поесть, что надеть в холод, куда пойти в холодную ночь и спокойно поспать.
Нельзя сказать, что и у подростков, живущих в более или менее обеспеченных семьях, нет проблем. Они есть, просто на совсем другом уровне, нежели у бездомных детей. Для благополучных подростков в возрасте от 13 до 18 очень частыми проблемами являются соблюдение здорового образа жизни, самокритика, неудачи в личной жизни, проблема неразделенной любви, неудовлетворение собственным положением в обществе, нехватка денег на карманные расходы, часто подростков не устраивает их внешность. Все эти, казалось бы, мелочи, а не проблемы, присущи многим современным тинэйджерам. Но для подростков это не мелочи, а важные факторы становления личности. К сожалению, сейчас довольно высокий процент детей в возрасте 13-18 лет, которые совершают самоубийства. Это происходит по разным причинам, например из-за несчастной любви, из-за попадания во влияние какой-либо религиозной организации или унижений со стороны сверстников. Все это очень печально.
Я лично был знаком с девушкой старше меня на 2 года, она училась в моей школе, и была очень активным, позитивным человеком.  Но, когда ее бросил ее молодой человек, неожиданно для всех, и для меня в том числе, она через несколько дней после разрыва у себя дома, написав предсмертную записку, выпила большую дозу сильнодействующих лекарств и скончалась. Пришедшая домой вечером ее мама обнаружила дочку уже мертвой, а ведь это был единственный ребенок в семье. Какой это был удар для родителей, невозможно описать. И ради чего это самоубийство? Чтобы доказать бывшему молодому человеку свою искреннюю любовь? Я не могу ответить на этот вопрос …
Другая группа подростков — это дети, которые подвергаются постоянной критике со стороны сверстников, а порой, и систематическим избиениям, отниманию денег. Нельзя сказать, что в этом виноваты только те, кто чинит это беспредел, отчасти виноваты и сами дети, которые терпят эти издевательства. Ведь не просто же так унижают одного и того же подростка. В основном это происходит из-за слабохарактерности ребенка, и дети, один раз показав свою слабость, уже не могут дать отпор. Часто такие систематические притязания доводят подростков до самоубийства.
Дети, родившиеся в неблагополучных семьях, зачастую также не могут хвастать счастливой молодостью. Плохая одежда, скудная пища и жизнь на грани нищеты не оставляют радостных воспоминаний. Однако часто такие подростки благодаря своему стремлению вырваться из такой жизни, старательности, становятся образованными, обеспеченными людьми.
Сейчас в нашем бурлящем мире у подростков в молодости возникает много соблазнов, которые подстерегают практически каждого. Это наркотики (“легкие” и “тяжелые”), алкоголь. Они очень сильно воздействуют на еще не устоявшуюся психику подростков, делая их потенциальными жертвами различных религиозных организаций. В погоне за острыми ощущениями многие подростки создают банды, которые занимаются грабежом, а порой и убийствами, распространением наркотиков. Ну и, наверное, самое опасное, что поджидает многих, — это чума 21 века — СПИД.
В 21 веке среди подростков очень популярно вести, так скажем, “взрослую жизнь”… Что в это понятие входит? Это незащищенный секс, алкоголь, наркотики. Ужасный набор, не правда ли?
В погоне за познанием всех прелестей взрослой жизни многие из молодых людей забывают о том, что не все так просто в жизни как хотелось бы, и зачастую попадают в лапы СПИДа и гепатита и уже не могут выбраться из этого “болота”.
Проблемы здоровья, к сожалению, также очень распространены в данное время в молодежном мире. И это неудивительно. По данным социологов, сейчас употребляют алкоголь периодически 35% молодых людей, курят 47%, употребляют “легкие” виды наркотиков 30%. Поэтому не стоит удивляться тому факту, что большинство молодых людей современного мира уже в 16-17 лет имеют болезни печени, почек, сердечно-сосудистой системы. А тем, кто имеет врожденные заболевания, сейчас в современном мире еще труднее, ведь психология большинства подростков, к сожалению, такова: “Если ты не похож на нас, ты не с нами”.  И детям с врожденными дефектами приходится очень тяжело, у них практически нет друзей-сверстников, нет взаимопонимания с внешним подростковым миром, они как бы отрезаны от мира молодежи. Такие дети вырастают обычно неполноценными, ущербными людьми.
В любом возрасте для всех мужчин и женщин важны взаимоотношения между собой, то есть отношения полов. В молодежном мире эти отношения играют значительную роль в становлении личности подростка. Если в 90-х годах парни и девушки начинали активно встречаться с друг другом в основном с 17-18 лет, то сейчас эта возрастная граница отодвинулась до 12-13 лет. И порой идя по улице, я замечаю таких, казалось бы, еще совсем детей, идущих, взявшись за руку и радостно улыбаясь друг другу. Увижу таких, и самому на душе становится как-то радостно. Однако о чем свидетельствует этот факт ранних взаимоотношений? Наверное, он показывает прогресс общества: дети взрослеют намного раньше и воспринимают мир совсем иначе, чем подростки, родившиеся в 80-х годах. Конечно, ранние взаимоотношения подростков не всегда полезны для них самих, но не могут же взрослые запретить общаться своим детям. Это просто физически невозможно. Многие врачи говорят о том, что ранние половые отношения не приводят ни к чему хорошему для подростков, однако чем больше раздувают данную тему, тем больший интерес разгорается среди молодежного общества к этой проблеме, взрослое общество осознанно привлекает внимание подростков к этой теме. Отсюда и появляется большое количество нежелательных беременностей и, соответственно, абортов, на которые девушки идут в очень больших количествах, при этом не задумываясь о последствиях. Но часто на аборт, их толкают молодые люди, которые не хотят становиться молодыми отцами. Порой они очень жалеют об этом поступке.
Нельзя не затронуть и тему увлечений сегодняшней молодежи. Сейчас количество вещей которыми можно увлечься, очень велико, и каждый выбирает то, что ему более всего по душе. Однако порой эти интересы преступают рамки закона. В наше время в круг интересов молодежи, во-первых, входит интернет и компьютерные технологии, общение с друзьями, музыка, спорт, книги. Но при этом следует отметить, что современные тинэйджеры попадают в компьютерную зависимость, и часто это не менее опасно, чем наркотики и алкоголь. Они могут часами просиживать перед монитором, портя себе зрение и не успевая делать уроки, но ни за что по собственной воле не отключат процессор. Это одна из проблем нынешней молодежи.
Музыка… Кто бы мог подумать, что она может настолько сильно влиять на современных подростков, формируя их характер и предпочтения? Самый распространенный вид музыки сейчас — это поп-музыка, и нельзя сказать, что она как-то кардинально воздействует на психику молодежи, а вот, например, эмо-музыка, вообще эмо-культура, пропагандирует депрессию, слезы, боль, темные волосы, длинную челку падающую на глаза, пирсинг. В общем, стиль не очень оптимистичный. И как это ни удивительно, такому течению поддались многие из моих сверстников, ребята моложе меня. Мне удивительно видеть этих, казалось бы, нормальных людей, которые осознанно уродуют себя, делая пирсинг во всевозможных местах тела, у которых не видно глаз из-за челки, у которых в гардеробе вещи лишь двух цветов: розового и черного. Впрочем, поклонники рок-музыки также не выглядят особенно приятными. Я считаю, что несмотря на то, какую музыку ты слушаешь, нужно придерживаться нейтрального стиля. Хотя мне понятно, почему подростки начинают одеваться как-то по другому, необычно: они хотят выделиться на фоне сверстников, показаться чем-то лучше, привлечь внимание. Но порой эти попытки заканчиваются непониманием со стороны окружающих, а часто и изгнанием из общества своих одногодков. К сожалению, сейчас музыка совсем не та, что лет 20 назад, когда в каждой песне был смысл, ее было интересно слушать. Сейчас, когда я вижу концерты по телевизору, чаще всего в кадр попадают полуголые, больше танцующие, чем поющие “звезды эстрады”, и тексты их песен однообразны и не несут смысла. Также и танцевать молодежь сейчас умеет в основном под клубную музыку, и мало кто знает, как танцевать всемирно известный рок-н-ролл, или самбу.
Если раньше центры развлечения молодежи были интересны и, главное, безопасны для подростков, то в нынешних клубах, безопасность никто гарантировать не может, ведь именно в подобных заведениях распространяют наркотики и пропагандируют алкоголь. Разве это нормально? Конечно, нет! Часто на улице я вижу толпы моих сверстников и подростков моложе меня, которые стоят в тесном кружке и курят, при этом еще и пьют спиртное. И если я вижу потягивающего пиво молодого человека, то я еще нейтрально отношусь к этому, то, когда я вижу девушек, которые дымят, как паровозы, дешевыми сигаретами, мне честно становиться стыдно за сверстников! Ведь нам дана жизнь не для того, чтобы губить себя! Хотя на такой мой довод некоторые отвечают: “В жизни нужно попробовать все! Ведь это интересно, понять, что такое наркотики или ощущение похмелья утром после вечеринки!”. Но не все понимают, что, один раз приняв наркотик, можно прощаться со своей жизнью. Все подростки — максималисты. В этом и есть причина того, что многие из них попадают в лапы наркодилеров. У всех максималистов присутствует уверенность в том, что они в любой момент смогут перестать принимать наркотики, ведь они сильные личности и могут принять волевое решение. Только не подозревают еще, что воли у них уже не осталось, что они — рабы наркотиков. Осознание того ужаса, в котором находишься, приходит к наркоманам слишком поздно…
Однако в жизни молодежи не одни черные полосы, о которых я сейчас рассказал. Гораздо больше ярких моментов, верных друзей. На всю жизнь у каждого остаются воспоминания о чудесных школьных годах, о тех приключениях, которые пережил, когда был подростком. И если ребенок растет в благополучной семье, учится в хорошей школе и не общается с дурной компанией, то у него есть все шансы стать успешным человеком, не встречая на этом пути никаких серьезных проблем.
Кто-то в подростковом возрасте встречает свою любовь и не расстается с ней всю свою жизнь, живя в счастье и радости. Ведь детство — это самая счастливая пора времени, если у ребенка есть теплый дом, любящие родители, верные друзья. И с этой стороны кажется, что молодым быть легко. Ведь обязанностей практически никаких, кроме того, что каждый должен учиться в школе, свободного времени очень много (его станет не хватать только в старших классах), и можно заниматься, чем тебе захочется. И это есть счастье. Только мы (подростки) об этом не задумываемся, воспринимая то, что нас содержат родители, и то, что мы никому не обязаны и свободны, как должное. И лишь потом, через 15-20 лет, мы осознаем, как же было хорошо и легко жить, будучи подростком. Ведь у взрослых так много дел и проблем, они так устают, а у молодежи намного все проще и веселее.
Конечно, моя точка зрения может не совпадать с мнениями философов и социологов, но я пишу с позиции молодого человека и элемента мира подростков, и, конечно, мое повествование — плод моих раздумий. Я такой же, как и многие из моих сверстников, и конечно, как у любого подростка, у меня в характере есть свои плюсы и минусы. Я — максималист, как и большая часть молодежи. Что я могу сказать о своем внутреннем мире? Это мир уже довольно прочно установился, у меня есть свои предпочтения и убеждения, которых я придерживаюсь и которые я отстаиваю. Безусловно, я — холерик, вспыльчив, но отходчив. Если я смеюсь, то смеюсь от души, если ругаюсь, то до белого каления. Несмотря на такой неидеальный характер, у меня довольно много друзей по всему миру, ну и конечно в России, где я живу. Я часто путешествую и знаком с подростками из Швеции, Турции, Англии, Шотландии, Канады, США, Нигерии и даже Японии. И со всеми я нахожу общий язык, несмотря на различие культур наших народов, традиций и ценностей. Во всех ситуациях я умею развеселить любого человека, во мне присутствует луч оптимизма. Но в спорах я всегда придерживаюсь только своего мнения, и практически ничто не может заставить меня поменять его, хотя наверное, я и не всегда прав. Мой характер помогает мне в моих достижениях. Как, спросите вы? Отвечаю. В свои 17 лет я являюсь кандидатом в мастера спорта по дзюдо, и два года назад я занял третье место на соревнованиях Общероссийского уровня, после чего меня пригласили в судейскую коллегию по дзюдо Республики Башкортостан, несмотря на мой юный возраст. Естественно я согласился, и теперь я бываю во многих городах России, где на соревнованиях по дзюдо я работаю арбитром и получаю за это зарплату. Не многие из моих сверстников могут похвастаться такими достижениями. А ведь в моих успехах решающий фактор оказал такой элемент характера, как упертость и стремление к победе, что присуще любому холерику. Порой я натыкаюсь на непонимание со стороны взрослого поколения и, конечно, спорю, пытаясь доказать свою правоту. У меня “острый язычок”, и во всех ситуациях я могу найти, что ответить, но иногда моя язык меня не доводит до добра, и я ссорюсь с близкими мне людьми и знакомыми.
Сейчас среди своих сверстников и даже за собой я стал замечать какой-то жесткий эгоизм. Каждый старается быть лучше других, при этом не останавливаясь практически ни перед какими препятствиями на этом пути. Наверное, эгоизм также присущ большинству молодых людей, пусть он и слабо выражен у некоторых, но все-таки, нет людей, которые не думают о своей выгоде. Все мы — немного эгоисты, а кто-то и не немного. Но если бы мне задали вопрос о том, хотел бы я жить в мире молодежи лет 30 назад, я могу совершенно точно ответить отказом, несмотря на все те проблемы и недостатки нынешнего молодого поколения. Да, и у меня есть причины. Это прежде всего современные технологии. Да, я не скрываю что я немного зависим от них уже сейчас, мне будет недоставать сотовой связи, интернета, компьютерных игр. И наверное, все мои сверстники ответили бы так же, как и я. Да, мы все любим природу, но жить на свежем воздухе продолжительное время никто из современных тинэйджеров не захочет, потому что там нет того, к чему он привык в повседневной жизни. Также и житель сельской местности не сможет чувствовать себя комфортно в душном городе.
Наше государство уверяет всех, что нужно поддерживать молодежь, создавать молодежные организации, строить новые спортивные залы для детей и подростков, увеличивать зарплату учителям и врачам. Но за последние 6 лет заметны лишь небольшие положительные сдвиги в этой области. Новых помещений для занятий спортом построено очень мало, и те зачастую отдают в руки частных собственников, а молодежь вынуждена заниматься спортом в подвалах (так занимался и я на протяжении 8 лет), пока мой тренер не нашел за собственные деньги приличное помещение. А ведь подростки — это спортивное будущее России, и им следует обеспечивать хорошие условия для занятий спортом.
Школа — самый важный этап в жизни каждого, и учителя — это люди, которые помогают совсем еще маленьким, наивным детишкам превратиться в достойных личностей. И что происходит? Почему некоторые учителя с самой молодости всю свою жизнь живут в общежитиях (и я знаю такого учителя), получают по современным меркам небольшую зарплату. При этом, жертвуют личным временем ради детей. Этот вопрос муссируется уже не один год, но ничего существенно не меняется. Детские поликлиники, в которых детские и подростковые врачи должны лечить и оберегать детей, прозябают. Особенно острую нужду в деньгах испытывают молодые врачи — а ведь именно они в будущем обязаны спасать человеческие жизни. Молодежных организаций, стоит признать, сейчас в России довольно много, но мало кто из них получает реальную помощь и поддержку со стороны государства.
Пожалуй, я перейду к выводам из моего повествования.
Я убедился, что однозначно ответить на вопрос “Легко ли быть молодым” — нельзя. В подростковой жизни присутствуют как положительные, так и отрицательные моменты. Этот вопрос смело можно назвать вечным, или философским. Я живу в обеспеченной семье, и мне жаловаться особо не на что, мне дают прекрасное образование, покупают хорошую одежду, учат жизни, помогают в трудных ситуациях, и я счастлив. Но у многих нет всего того, что есть у меня, и нельзя сказать, что все подростки абсолютно счастливы. Кто-то скажет, что молодым быть легко, кто-то скажет что не очень, сколько людей — столько мнений. Я благодарен Богу, что я родился и расту в хороших условиях, ни в чем не нуждаясь. Некоторые взрослые люди думают, что сейчас молодежь отошла от религии. Но это не так. Да, сейчас не модно ходить в церковь молиться, и поэтому массового молодежно-церковного движения мы не видим, но, я вас уверяю, практически каждый тинэйджер верит в Бога и изредка произносит какую-нибудь коротенькую молитву, которой его или ее научила бабушка в недавнем прошлом, благодарит Бога за успешно сданный экзамен или удачное стечение обстоятельств. И так, как и раньше, молодежь верит в Бога, и не может существовать без этой религиозной составляющей. И все-таки эта тенденция изменения молодежи происходит из-за общемирового прогресса общества, и невозможно войти в одну и ту же реку дважды. Нельзя сравнивать молодежь нынешнюю и ту, которая была 30 лет назад, каждое поколение обладает своим, особенным поведением и ценностями, и не следует эти ценности притеснять, как сейчас это пытаются сделать некоторые взрослые.
Вот и все, что я хотел ответить на вопрос “Легко ли быть молодым”.
Copyright © Russian centres of City and Guilds

The problems of teenagers

Проблемы подростков

People think that the age of teenagers is the most difficult and even dangerous. There are a lot of scientific studies made to know whether it is so andб if it is so, what parents and teenagers should do.
Люди думают, что возраст подростков является самым трудным и даже опасным. Существует много научных исследований, проведенных для того, чтобы узнать, так ли это, и если это так, то, что родители и подростки должны делать.
The most frequent problem of teenagers is misunderstanding between parents and teenagers. Sometimes parents really do not understand that their children are growing up and, for example, want them to wear nice and cute clothes. However, in most cases teenagers just want to protest but actually they even do not know against what this protest is. So parents should help their children, support them and know about their interest.
Наиболее частая проблема подростков – непонимание между родителями и подростками. Иногда родители действительно не понимают, что их дети взрослеют и, например, хотят, чтобы подростки носили милую одежду. Тем не менее, в большинстве случаев подростки просто хотят выразить протест, но на самом деле они даже не знают, против чего этот протест. Таким образом, родители должны помогать своим детям, поддерживать их и знать об их интересах.
Another problem is teenagers’ dissatisfaction with their appearance. They think that they are not so beautiful as film stars or singers. For example, girls keep diet or try to use a lot of cosmetics. Sometimes such behaviour causes many health problems. It is very important to explain teenagers that they are beautiful in his or her way and that people they compare themselves with are not as ideal in everyday life as they are on the stage.
Еще одной проблемой является неудовлетворенность подростков своим внешним видом. Они думают, что они не так красивы, как звезды кино или певцы. Например, девочки сидят на диете или пытаются использовать много косметики. Иногда такое поведение вызывает много проблем со здоровьем. Очень важно объяснить подросткам, что они прекрасны по-своему и что люди, с которыми они сравнивают себя, не столь идеальны в повседневной жизни, как на сцене.
One more problem is education. Sometimes teenagers are under pressure. Society or parents may demand that they should have the first place in everything. Of course, it causes many psychological problems. Teenagers should endeavour to achieve high results but it does not mean that if they fail to do that, their life will be ruined.
Еще одной проблемой является образование. Иногда подростки испытывают большое давление. Общество или родители могут требовать, чтобы они занимали первое место во всем. Конечно, это вызывает множество психологических проблем. Подростки должны стремиться к достижению высоки результатов, но это не значит, что если они не смогут сделать это, их жизнь будет разрушена.
Автор — Ирина Селезнева

Слайд 1You are only
a teenager once
Выполнила: учитель
английского языка

гимназии №24
г. Ставрополя
Людмила Александровна

You are only a teenager onceВыполнила: учитель английского языка МБОУ гимназии №24 г. СтаврополяЛюдмила Александровна Землянская

Слайд 2 Introduction
How does it

feel to be young in the world which faces so

many complicated and perplexing questions even grown-ups can’t answer?

Introduction How does it feel to be young in the world

Слайд 3Below there is a list of problems that may worry

teens. Put them in the order of Importance. Explain your


Physical health
Sexual transmitted disease
Abuse (emotional, physical)
Appearances and clothes
Relationships with friends, family and others
School marks
Participating in youth movements
The possibility of earning money

Below there is a list of problems that may worry teens. Put them in the order of

Слайд 4Express your opinion concerning this theme: LOVE VS FRIENDSHIP

Express your opinion concerning this theme: LOVE VS FRIENDSHIP

Слайд 5The following questions can help you:
What is love? (say in

three words)
What is friendship? (say in three words)
What kind of

person can you fall in love with?
What should a good friend be like?
What weakness can you forgive in your friend and your sweetheart?
How do you understand the saying “Love is blind but friendship closes its eyes”?
Do you think friendship is more important than love? Why (not)?

The following questions can help you:What is love? (say in three words)What is friendship? (say in three

Слайд 6Youth movements
1.Young people are active participants in their own history.

There are so many young people who take part in

different youth organizations.
2.Are you a participant of any group?
Which one?
3. Here are some of them. Look at these pictures and name the ideology of the following movements.

Youth movements1.Young people are active participants in their own history. There are so many young people who

Слайд 7Different types of youth movements

Different types of youth movements

Слайд 8Imagine: you and your friend would like to join a

youth movement. Make a dialogue and discuss which of these

organizations you would like to join:

The Green

The Stay Healthy

Young People
in Politics

Young People
For Peace


Imagine: you and your friend would like to join a youth movement. Make a dialogue and discuss

Слайд 9Let’s speak about one of the styles: RAP
Read the text

“Rap style”.
Express your opinion on this topic using the arguments:

less than three)

Let’s speak about one of the styles: RAPRead the text “Rap style”.Express your opinion on this topic

Слайд 10Conclusion:
Find some information about a certain youth organization. Think

of how to present it to class in the most

interesting way. Give you presentation. Remember that it shouldn’t exceed 5-7 minutes.

Conclusion: Find some information about a certain youth organization. Think of how to present it to class

Слайд 12Использованные в этой презентации изображения были взяты:
Задания были взяты

из учебника: ”English IX” под редакцией О.А. Афанасьевой,
И.В. Михеевой

Использованные в этой презентации изображения были взяты:Задания были взяты из учебника:''English IX'' под редакцией О.А.