Soil pollution and dumping of land сочинение

Soil is also called Earth, ground or dirt, which is formed by the accumulation of Organic and Inorganic matter as a bedrock through several years of physical weathering. And, Soil Pollution is the imbalance in the composition of this Organic matter which naturally decomposes and Inorganic matter which may be integrated with harmful chemicals that don’t decompose easily and degrade the quality of the Soil causing Soil Pollution. In this Soil Pollution essay, we will understand the cause and effects of Soil Pollution.

Soil is a thin layer that consists of both Organic and Inorganic components. These materials cover the Earth’s rocky surfaces. Also included is the organic part, which is made up of decomposed animal and plant material. While rock bits make up the inorganic portion. This section was created through the chemical and physical weathering of bedrock over a thousand years. Soils that are productive are important for agriculture in order to meet the world’s food needs. As a result, the essay on Soil Pollution focuses on the reasons that cause Soil contamination as well as the negative consequences of Soil Pollution.

Short Essay on Soil Pollution

Human-made chemicals are the leading cause of Soil Pollution as it alters the natural Soil Environment. And the ingestion of chemicals is at a big-time high due to industrialization and increase in population. This Soil Pollution essay in English will emphasize on the fact that there are millions of chemicals naturally present in the Soil. But when there is an increase in the concentration of a few harmful chemicals, it becomes a threat to living beings as it leads to serious health hazards. 

The main contributors to Soil Pollution are the frequent use of chemical pesticides, fertilizers with higher concentrations of chemicals then decrease the natural fertility of the Earth, uncontrolled disposal of sewage, careless industrial waste spillage like of oils and solid matter from concrete matter used in making buildings and medical waste from hospitals and pharmaceutical labs and poor waste management.

All of the aforementioned causes lead to serious health conditions at all levels of the ecosystem. The plant growth is stunted when grown on such harmful grounds,  the humans who are exposed to food yielded from such an environment can experience short term consequences like fatigue, weakness, headache, skin conditions or long term problems like depression, nervous system damage and animals including aquatic life suffers a great deal from this damage as they live on the polluted water seeped from the polluted Soil.

All of this can be resolved when people are consciously reducing the disposal of such harmful wastes into the natural bodies and a proper waste management system is followed.

Long Essay on Soil Pollution

Soil like all other forms of Pollution in nature is a growing sense of dread due to its deadly consequences in all living beings in the Ecosystem. Man-made materials are the leading cause of Soil Pollution. When any matter is present in quantities larger than the needed amount, then that becomes a potent threat. In trying to grow at a greater pace they are harming the Environment. The biggest threat to this problem is the irresponsibility displayed while disposing of any waste as the disposal of chemicals are not naturally present in the Soil so this causes contamination and as the levels increase leads to Pollution. In this essay on Soil Pollution, let’s understand the causes, effects and possible solutions.

What Causes Soil Pollution?

Soil Pollution is characterized as chemicals, salts, poisonous compounds, and radioactive contaminants that stay in the Soil and have negative impacts on animal health and plant growth. Pollution of Soils can occur in a variety of ways. These are the following:

  • Industrial garbage is dumped on the Earth’s surface.

  • A landfill seeps water.

  • Underground storage tanks are bursting.

  • Contaminated water seeps into the ground.

  • Seepage of solid waste.

  • Heavy metals, petroleum hydrocarbons, solvents, and insecticides are examples of chemicals.

Soil Pollution Causes

A Soil pollutant is a factor that causes Soil to deteriorate owing to a reduction in the texture, mineral, or quality content of the Soil. This also disrupts the biological equilibrium of Soil-dependent organisms. Furthermore, Soil Pollution has negative consequences for plant growth. Soil contamination is usually produced by man-made applications such as contaminated surface water percolation, pesticides, fuel dumping, oil dumping, and so on.

Other operations include the leaching of pollutants from landfills, the direct dumping of industrial wastes into the Soil, and so on. Solvents, petroleum hydrocarbons, lead, pesticides, and various heavy metals are among the most prevalent compounds implicated. As a result, the occurrence of the phenomenon is highly correlated with the intensities and industrialisation of chemical use.

The following are some of the most common sources of Soil Pollution:

  • Fertilizer usage is increasing.

  • Insecticides, herbicides, and pesticides are used indiscriminately.

  • Solid waste disposal

  • Deforestation

Effects of Soil Pollution

As we go about our lives, we disregard the devastating effects of Soil Pollution on the Ecosystem and inevitably our health.

  1. When we consume the food grown on such polluted Soil the crop absorbs it and then is passed on to us and leads to fatal diseases overtime.

  2. Soil loses its fertility and stunts the growth of the plants and when they are harvested the contaminated Soil becomes futile as it is no longer useful for further cultivation as such lands become incompetent to support life and are deserted leaving more space to dump such harmful waste this cyclical nature of cause and effect is deadly.

  3. The food that is produced from such lands also lacks good nutrients and thus creates another generation of malnourished children which hinders their natural growth physically and mentally.

  4. The underground Soil water when it meets the natural aquatic bodies, it does a great deal of damage to aquatic life, both plants that grow underwater and animals.

Soil Pollution’s Consequences

Some radioactive pollutants from nuclear reactors, explosions, hospitals, science labs, and other sources penetrate deeply into the Soil, where they linger for a long time and pollute the Soil.

False agricultural practices involving advanced agro-technology entail the use of massive volumes of harmful fertilisers such as herbicides, weedicides, insecticides, and other chemicals, which improve Soil fertility while gradually reducing Soil physio-chemical and biological qualities. Other forms of Soil Pollution include municipal rubbish, food processing waste, mining practices, and many others.

Soil Pollution is extremely detrimental to one’s health since poisonous substances enter the body through the food chain and disrupt the entire inner body system. Individuals, particularly industrialists, should adopt all effective control measures, including environmental protection regulations, in order to reduce and minimise Soil Pollution. People should encourage the recycling and reuse of solid waste, as well as the planting of as many trees as possible.

Ways to Curb Soil Pollution

The most important step in starting to solve this problem is by creating awareness and informing people about the dire consequences, and how their contribution can do good to the ecosystem and human nature. The possible solutions to these problems are-

  1. No excess use of fertilizers, and other chemicals used. As these are useful only in required quantities and when overdone leads to the damage so one can avoid overuse of the harmful substances containing chemicals.

  2. Encouraging afforestation i.e. the planting of trees as the more trees planted the Erosion of Soil will be less and this will help in retaining the useful chemicals in the Soil and hence increasing the fertility of the Soil as well.

  3. Recycling and reusing of waste materials will help a great deal and lessen the harm to a greater degree.


As the saying goes Prevention is better than cure, it is better to take steps in creating a safer environment instead of regretting later. India being Agricultural Land, we can take steps to organize programs and educate the farmers and other locals to use natural manure, and make them aware of the problems caused by chemicals used.

Soil Pollution Essay: Here you will get Essay on Soil Pollution in English 100, 150, 250, 300 and 500 words for better grades in Exams. You may use this essay on my father for class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and higher standards.

Soil is a vital element of our nature. There are many reasons why and how soils get polluted. And this land pollution has become one of the primary necessities for the ecosystem and humanity as it causes an imbalance in nature.

Soil pollution worries and affects us directly and indirectly. So we should understand the causes and effects of soil pollution to reduce it.

So, let’s have a look at “Soil Pollution Essay” in a different word count.

Essay on Soil Pollution in 500 Words for Higher Standards

Soil pollution is one of the most common types of pollution in our environment. There are different molecules in the soil. This soil pollution is increasing day by day. We pollute the ground ourselves. We always make the dirt dirty. If we are not careful yet, we will have problems in the future.

Causes of Soil Contamination

Soil pollution occurs in two ways, namely- naturally and artificially.

1. Artificial Reasons for Soil Pollution

Firstly, the leading cause of artificial soil pollution is human unconsciousness.

A. Generally speaking, artificial soil pollution is for humans. Mostly, people throw their household garbage on the ground. Some of these things are perishable, and some are also perishable. We, humans, throw unnecessary stuff into the environment.

Many of them do not mix in the soil—especially plastic items, bags, shoes, ink pens, etc. As a decision, there is a lot of soil damage, and ultimately soil contamination.

B. Soil contamination is also often caused by contaminants such as rotten vegetables, flowers, etc. We usually throw these into the soil, which can lead to soil contamination.

These two are the leading causes of manufactured soil pollution.
Because it contains a lot of chemicals.

2. Factory Wastage Materials

From the factory, some toxic substances release is the main reason for soil contamination. As a result, soil pollution occurs.

3. Pesticide use on Land

First, many chemicals are added to the soil to increase crops and make the test better. Not only this, with the help of this plant, you can do seedlings. As a result, these chemicals mix with the soil and poison the soil. It is the agricultural cause of soil pollution.

Even to protect crops from insects, they use pesticides. Because of this, there are many wounds in the soil. Not only dirt but also soil and food grains are prone to damage.

These three are unnatural causes for which we humans are responsible.

In addition to this artificial cause, there is another natural cause. The natural environment is one of the causes of soil pollution. E.g.-

A. Deforestation is one of the causes of soil pollution. As the number of trees in the environment decreases, soil pollution will increase.

B. Soil contamination occurs when the amount of perchlorate in the soil increases.

C. If chloroform leaks from the sewer line, the chances of soil contamination are very high.

D. If the various elements in it become unbalanced, then the soil becomes terrible.

These are Four Reasons for Soil Pollution.

Impact of Soil Pollution on Humans

Soil pollution is likely to cause the most damage to humans. Because the soil produces crops, and I eat them. As a result, we may have various diseases.

Not only this, with the help of decomposable or indigestible things, we can get skin cancer and other extreme diseases.

There is no way to eliminate these natural causes. But we humans can prevent artificial soil pollution if we want to.

Short Essay on Soil Pollution 300 Words [Also used for 250 or 200 Words]

essay land pollution

There are different types of pollution in the environment. One of the known pollutants is soil pollution. However, we do not attach vital to this soil pollution. This soil pollution is causing great harm to our bodies.

Some Reasons for Soil Pollution

There are mainly two reasons. This pollutant is natural but artificial.

Natural causes

1. from different compounds in the soil if they are not in balance. As a result, from the chance of soil pollution going.

2. Various insects live in the soil. It is also a cause of soil contamination.

3. Contamination can also occur if the toxic substance Chloroform accidentally adds to the soil.

Artificial causes

1. Throwing many unnecessary things in the house – such as toys, plastic, loose shoes, etc.

2. Moreover, by throwing rotten vegetables on the ground, we ruin the soil.

3. Soil contamination also occurs when industrial waste material mixes with the soil.

We are responsible for these unnatural causes.

As a result, many living creatures, including humans, are facing problems.

Precautions to Reduce Pollution

To avoid this, we need to wash our food thoroughly before eating. Not only that, but also reducing the use of pesticides in the crop. and the need to dispose of household waste at specific locations.

We have no control over anything natural. But, if we are careful about our activities, we can reduce this soil pollution a lot. We need to remember that if we can reduce this pollution, we can stay healthy.

“Soil Pollution” is harmful pollution for our health. Not only that, it affects various animals, especially living land insects. This pollution is due to many reasons. There are a few reasons for us.

The leading cause of soil pollution is the presence of plastic in the soil. The soil pollution is contaminating from bags, bottles, shoes, toys, vegetables, etc.

Moreover, the use of chemical pesticides in the soil causes soil damage. Even if industrial materials are somehow mixing in the earth, a significant cause is soil pollution.

We need to be careful to reduce soil pollution. By reducing the use of pesticides, we can decrease soil pollution. We can try to prevent soil pollution by not dumping household waste into the soil.

10 Lines on Land Pollution

1. We have soil pollution like any other pollution in our daily life.

2. Wherever we throw dirty things. As a result, soil pollution increases.

3. Industrialization is a significant factor in soil pollution.

4. Garbage pollution is another reason for soil pollution.

5. Excess fertilizer is soil contamination.

6. Deforestation is the other reason for soil pollution.

7. It affects our human health.

8. If doing reforestation, from the opportunity to reduce pollution.

9. we need to be very careful.

10. then we have to increase this pollution.

Browse More Essays:

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Soil Pollution?

Answer: Soil pollution is removing valuable substances from the soil or the addition of harmful substances to it. Garbage, cotton clothes, newspapers, trees, and plants are the causes of soil pollution. Plastic, glass, and metal objects can also cause soil pollution.

2. What are the eight causes of soil pollution?

Answer: Soil pollution is mainly due to mindless human activities like:
a) Industrial waste.
b) Deforestation.
c) Unnecessary use of fertilizers and pesticides in the land.
d) Garbage pollution.
e) Climate change.
f) Loss of soil fertility.
g) Impact on human health.
h) Afforestation.

3. How does soil affect human health?

Answer: Soils are also a significant source of nutrients, and they act as natural filters to remove contaminants from the water. However, the soil may contain heavy metals, chemicals, or pathogens that have the potential to affect human health negatively.

If  you have any queries or suggestions regarding the Soil Pollution Essay, ask in the comment section.

Soil pollution Soil pollution is caused by a number of factors; however, most of them are human induced. In simple words soil pollution refers to the contamination of the soil when some unwanted external compound gets mixed with it. This compound could be in the form of soluble chemicals or non bio degradable compounds like plastic. Chemical fertilizers and pesticides used in farming are some of the causes of soil pollution. Harmful chemicals get mixed with the soil and make it infertile. Also, waste from the urban areas, if not disposed of properly, reaches the soil and pollutes it. There are several other factors causing soil pollution such as acid rain, industrial accidents, road debris, nuclear waste etc.

Long and Short Essay on Soil Pollution in English

We have provided below short and long essay on soil pollution in English for your knowledge and information.

The essays have been written in simple yet effective English to let you know about the causes, effects and meaning of soil pollution.

After reading the essays you will know what soil pollution is, what causes soil pollution, what could be done to prevent soil pollution etc.

These soil pollution essay will be extremely helpful to you in your school and college assignment and speech giving and debate, essay writing competitions.

Soil Pollution Essay 1 (100 words)

Soil is the natural resource on the earth which directly supports the life of plants and indirectly of animals since the origin of life on the earth. It is very important complex substance available everywhere on the earth. Productive soil is a soil useful to grow crops. As a human being, we need to keep our land safe and secure and away from all the impurities. However, it is not possible because of the technological advancement.

Soil is getting polluted through the toxic substances released by the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, industrial wastes, etc which are badly affecting the fertility of land. Soil pollution depletes the soil nutrients because of the availability of heavy concentration of undesirable foreign elements into soil through chemicalization.

Soil Pollution

Soil Pollution Essay 2 (150 words)

Polluted soil is the low quality soil by various actions of man and natural processes which makes soil unfit for the crop production. Increasing human population and advancement of the human lives is causing soil pollution to a great extent. Main cause of the soil pollution are excessive soil erosion, forest fires, use of chemical fertilizers to improve crop production, pesticides (insecticides and herbicides), biocides (malathion, D.D.T., dieldrin, endrin, aldrin, lindane) to get control over insects, urban and industrial wastes, leaching, drought, untreated industrial water irrigation, water logging, over irrigation, deforestation, etc. It is increasing day by day at a faster rate in the rural and urban areas of the country.

According to the statistics, it is noted that consumption of chemical fertilizers by the farmers has been increased by 5.5 million tons from 1980-81 and by 18.07 million tons from 1999-2000 in order to increase crop production. Such toxic chemicals enter the human body through food chain and harm by causing physical deformities, neural tube defect in the new born babies.

Soil Pollution Essay 3 (200 words)

Soil pollution is the polluted soil because of the presence of toxic chemicals (also called pollutants or contaminants) in very high concentration to the soil of fertile land. Some of the contaminants occur naturally however most of them are due to the industrialization and human activities. Soil pollutants are generally of two types called as organic and inorganic whether released naturally and man-made. The main reasons of soil pollution are human activities including accidental leaks, spills, manufacturing processes, dumping, etc. Human released toxic chemicals are increasing the overall soil toxicity level.

All the soil contaminants get mixed to the fertile land and causes variety of health disorders directly or indirectly such as respiratory illness, bronchitis, asthma, cancer, etc. Kids are more prone to the polluted soil than the adults as they play into it and gets attacked by many diseases especially respiratory disorders. Increasing human population need more grains thus in order to fulfill this requirement people use highly concentrated fertilizers to improve the crop production which ultimately affects health through the food chain. Soil pollution is the gradual process of soil poisoning of the toxic soil contaminants.

Soil Pollution Essay 4 (250 words)

Soil pollution is the contamination of the soil of fertile land which is gradually increasing day by day mainly because of the use of fertilizers and industrialization. Soil pollution has become a major challenge to the whole human fraternity in modern time. Soil is the most important natural resource highly required to maintain the healthy life here. It is the home for many small animals, it is the life of plants and used by the human beings to produce variety of crops to continue life cycle here. However, increasing human population increases the need of crops production and other technological resources to live life comfortably. There are many highly effective fertilizers available in the market proving their best to improve crop production however getting more toxic and polluting the whole fertile soil when sprinkled over crops.

Varieties of other pesticides (like insecticides, fungicides, etc) are also getting used by the farmers to save their crops from the insects and fungus. Such type of pesticides are also very toxic and spreading their side effects to the environment by polluting the land and air. Other ways of soil pollution are acidification, agrochemical pollution, salinization, and contamination by metalliferous wastes. Acidification is a common natural cause associated with long term leaching and microbial respiration which gradually decomposes the organic materials of soil (like humic and fulvic acids) which again stimulates leaching. Use of inorganic fertilizers on the fertile lands has increased the level of soil pollution by decreasing the soil fertility at a faster rate.

Soil Pollution Essay 5 (300 words)

Soil pollution is the contamination of the fertile soil which reduces the productivity of soil because of various toxic pollutants. Toxic pollutants are very dangerous and adversely affect the physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil. Variety of pollutants such as pesticides, insecticides, fertilizers, chemicals, radioactive wastes, organic manure, discarded food, clothes, plastics, paper, leather goods, bottles, tins-cans, carcasses, etc gets mixed to the soil and cause soil pollution. Other released chemicals by various means like iron, mercury, lead, copper, cadmium, aluminium, zinc, industrial wastes, cyanides, acids, alkalies etc are the toxic chemicals causes soil pollution. Acid rain is a natural cause also affects soil fertility directly.

Earlier, the soil were very much fertile without the use of any fertilizers but now-a-days all the farmers have started using very strong fertilizers in order to increase crop production because of high demand of food by the increasing population. Improper, unnecessary and continuous use of variety of strong organic or inorganic insecticides (DDT, benzene hexa chloride, aldrin, etc), herbicides, fungicides, pesticides, etc in order to secure crops from insects, pests, fungus, etc are gradually toxifying the soil. All types of such chemicals have very dangerous effects directly on the plants growth (inhibits growth, reduces production and reduces size of fruit) and indirectly on the human health. Such chemicals slowly get absorbed by the soil and then plants which ultimately reaches to the animals and human beings body through the food chains.

Other radioactive wastes from the sources like mining and nuclear processes reach to the soil through water and affects the soil and ultimately to the plants, animals (through grazing) and human (through food, milk, meat etc). Eating such type of food causes growth retardation and abnormal growth of the animals and human. Increasing industrialization in the modern world creates huge heap of wastes on daily basis which directly or indirectly gets mixed to the soil and contaminate it.

Soil Pollution Essay 6 (400 words)

Soil pollution is the contamination of fresh and fertile soil which adversely affects the health of crops, plants, animals, human beings and other organisms living in it. Addition of variety of unwanted substances and toxic chemicals from many sources to the soil in the odd proportion causes whole land pollution. Once the pollutants gets mixed to the soil remains in direct contact with soil for long period of time. Increasing industrialization and increasing consumption of various effective fertilizers in the fertile land is continuously changing the soil composition and complexion of earth strata which is very dangerous indication to the future of life on the earth.

All the fertile land on the earth is getting heavily polluted gradually day by day through the mixing of toxic materials released by the industries and domestic circles. Major sources of the soil pollution are industrial wastes, urban wastes, chemical pollutants, metallic pollutants, biological agents, radioactive pollutants, wrong agricultural practices, etc. Industrial wastes released by the industrial processes contain organic, inorganic and non-biodegradable materials which have ability to change physiochemical and biological characteristics of the soil. It totally disturbs the level of texture and mineral, bacterial and fungal colonies of the soil.

Urban wastes are solid wastes include commercial and domestic wastes which make a huge heap on the soil and contribute to the soil pollution. Chemical pollutants and metallic pollutants are the industrial wastes from the textile, soap, dyes, synthetic, detergents, metal, and drugs industries which are dumping their hazardous wastes continuously in the soil and water. It directly affects the living organisms of the soil and reduces fertility level of soil. Biological agents (such as bacteria, algae, fungi, protozoan and microorganisms like nematodes, millipedes, earthworms, snail, etc) also disturb the physio chemical and biological atmosphere of soil and cause soil pollution.

Some radioactive pollutants from the sources like nuclear reactors, explosions, hospitals, scientific laboratories, etc go very deep to the soil, remain there for long time and cause soil pollution. Wrong agricultural practices using advance agro-technology means use of huge quantities of toxic fertilizers including herbicides, weedicides, pesticides, etc enhances soil fertility however gradually declines the physio-chemical and biological property of the soil.

Other sources of the soil pollution are municipal garbage heap, food processing wastes, mining practices, and many more. Soil pollution is very hazardous to the health because toxic chemicals enter to the body through food chain and disturbs whole internal body system. In order to reduce and restrict the soil pollution, all the effective control measures including environment protection laws should be followed by the people especially industrialist. Recycling and reuse of the solid wastes and maximum possible tree plantation should be promoted among people.

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Essay on Soil Pollution! Find high quality essays on ‘Soil Pollution’ for children, school and college students. These essays will also guide you to learn about the types, causes, severe effects, initiatives and preventive measures for soil pollution.


    • List of Essays on Soil Pollution
      • Essay on Soil Pollution – Short Essay for Children (Essay 1 – 150 Words)
      • Essay on Soil Pollution (Essay 2 – 250 Words)
      • Essay on Soil Pollution – Causes, Impact and Ways to Control (Essay 3 – 350 Words)
      • Essay on Soil Pollution – For School Students (Class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 Standard) (Essay 4 – 400 Words)
      • Essay on Soil Pollution – Long Essay (Essay 5 – 550 Words)
      • Essay on Soil Pollution – Causes and Health Effects (Essay 6 – 600 Words)
      • Essay on Soil Pollution – For College and University Students (Essay 7 – 750 Words)
      • Essay on Soil Pollution – For IAS, IPS, UPSC and Other Competitive Exams (Essay 8 – 1000 Words)

Soil pollution can be said to be the mixing together of chemicals that are made by man (like agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes and various waste disposals that are harmful from factories, houses, etc.) indirectly or directly into the soil that is natural that causes the degradation of land and also makes a particular piece of land unfit for cropping.

Therefore, there is a great need to look into the factors that lead to soil pollution and to identify measures to control it.

In order to educate students on this ecologically important topic we have come up with long essays for students which shall allow them to know more about soil pollution, how it is caused, what harm it has been doing to us and other life on the earth and finally the best can be done to minimise the effect of soil pollution.

Audience: The below given essays are exclusively written for children, school students (Class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 Standard) and college students. Furthermore, those students preparing for competitive exams like IAS, IPS and UPSC can also increase their knowledge by studying these essays.

List of Essays on Soil Pollution

Essay on Soil Pollution – Short Essay for Children (Essay 1 – 150 Words)


Soil pollution is the presence of toxic components in the soil that pose a threat to the soil and the ecosystem at large. The issue of soil pollution usually comes to view due to its effect on plant life. Soil pollution makes it impossible for plants to grow as they are meant to.

Causes of Soil Pollution:

Naturally, all types of soil contain some level of toxicity. But there are certain man-made acts that lead to an increased level of soil pollution. It includes chemical waste dumping, mining activities, the release of toxin into the atmosphere and many more. These acts and others introduce new compounds into our soil causing toxicity.

Prevention of Soil Pollution:

Below are some of the ways to prevent soil pollution from our lands:

1. Reduce the use of harmful substances in the environment.

2. Reduce the amount of waste dumping.

3. Reduce the use of plastic materials.


Our soil is an important part of the ecosystem as most of the food we consume comes from the soil. Thus, it is important that we keep it toxin free.

Essay on Soil Pollution (Essay 2 – 250 Words)


Adding any toxic substances to the environment is termed as pollution. Contamination of the naturally occurring pure soil with toxic substances is called soil pollution. Soil pollution is the major affecting factor of our environment in the present scenario. Affecting soils by using chemicals, non-biodegradable wastes, industrial effluents, and artificial fertilizers will result in soil pollution.

Causes of Soil Pollution:

Soil pollution is a great threat to human beings. Mindless human activities like improper farming methods, discharge of industrial waste directly on the soil, deforestation, dumping of non-degradable waste to the land, improper sewage systems etc., cause irreparable damage to the soil.

Effects of Soil pollution:

Soil pollution exerts irreversible and irreparable effects on the environment and its habitats.

1. Quality of soil gets reduced

2. Quality of crops grown becomes inferior

3. Affects human health

4. Causes serious destruction in the biodiversity and ecosystem

5. Harms the water bodies on earth

How to reduce soil pollution?

As the main cause of soil pollution is the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides by farmers, awareness should be made to farmers about the harmful effects of using them. Use of organic manure should be highly encouraged. Use of non-bio degradable substances should be strictly prohibited. Plastic use should be avoided. Disposal of these non-biodegradable wastes should be done very carefully.


The soil is one of the major resources that we depend on for everything and anything. If the soil is depleted of its purity and fertility, there can possibly a threat to the human race. Hence, it’s high time that we address on the issue on a serious note and educate people to avoid activities that pollute the soil.

Essay on Soil Pollution – Causes, Impact and Ways to Control (Essay 3 – 350 Words)


‘Soil Pollution’ is a term which may not been heard very frequently but having constant check on soil pollution is very important. Soil is the natural substance that covers the Earth’s surface and this soil becomes polluted when it loses its nutrients due to the mixing of other foreign elements like chemicals, wastes, pesticides etc.,

Causes for Soil Pollution:

Soil Pollution occurs due to various reasons:

1. Soil gets polluted when the chemical wastes from the industries and factories are dumped upon them.

2. Discharge of solid waste on land can also pollute soil.

3. Excess use of fertilizers can also cause soil pollution.

4. Use of inappropriate Insecticides, Pesticides and Herbicides can damage soil and cause soil pollution.

Impact of Soil Pollution:

Soil Pollution is a cause of concern because it does not only affect the crops but it impacts the entire eco-system. Human beings, plants, animals, insects, worms – all are impacted either directly or indirectly.

1. The first impact of soil pollution is that it takes away the essential nutrients from the soil and makes the soil useless for cultivation.

2. When the soil becomes polluted, it loses its firmness and soil erosion occurs.

3. There is reduction in crop yield and even if the crops and vegetables are cultivated in the polluted soil, they may be contaminated.

4. Soil pollution can pollute the water bodies also.

Ways to Control Soil Pollution:

Since it is not safe to use soil that is polluted, we have to find ways to control soil pollution from affecting our day-to-day lives.

1. Before disposing the industrial wastes in the soil, the toxicity of it must be reduced.

2. Farmers must ensure that they use bio-fertilizers instead of chemical fertilizers.

3. Similarly, the farmers must opt for bio-pesticides and bio-fungicides. This may take long time to react but it is safe for the crops as well as for the soil.

4. Planting more trees helps in stopping soil erosion.


The health of a nation depends upon the purity of its soil. Let’s spread awareness and safeguard our soil from getting polluted.

Essay on Soil Pollution – For School Students (Class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 Standard) (Essay 4 – 400 Words)


Soil forms a part of the environment and its pollution affects the environment as a whole. Soil pollution is basically the contamination of soil through chemicals or any other alterations in the nature of soil. Soil pollution is caused mainly by agricultural activities through the use of chemicals and inorganic fertilizers. Soil pollution influences the environment because it will affect everything that grows and lives on the soil, including both plants and animals. Soil pollution results in other forms of pollution if the pollutants in soil are transferred e.g., to the water or air. Agriculture is highly dependent on soil and its pollution negatively affects agricultural activities.

Cause of Soil Pollution:

Soil pollution results from exposure of soil to pollutants in different ways. Soil can be exposed to chemicals through agricultural activities such as spraying of pesticides, and application of inorganic fertilizers. Chemical content in pesticides and artificial fertilizers cause disruption of the nature of soil by either increasing alkalinity or acidity of soil.

Another form of soil pollution is industrial activities. Industries emit a lot of toxic chemicals and gases that end up in soil though the sewer systems. These industrial effluents also cause an increase in acidity or alkalinity of the soil.

Improper disposal of wastes in the environment results in the pollution of soil. Wastes including solids and liquids end up in the soil causing deposition of particles or chemicals that are harmful.

Impacts of Soil Pollution:

Soil pollution has negatively affected the environment. The presence of pollutants in the soil causes an imbalanced pH for vegetation to grow. Lack of vegetation on the land predisposes to soil erosion and floods. In an event where crops grow on polluted soil, they will have the chemicals within them, which will result in harmful effects upon consumption by humans or animals. Most of the chemicals are harmful to human and animal health and that is why soil pollution is a danger. The economy will be compromised by soil pollution because there will be a drop in agricultural productivity and quality.


In conclusion, soil pollution is an environmental issue that touches on all aspects of life. Soil pollution is causes by human activity, which can be controlled. Consequences of soil pollution are similar to those of other forms of pollution because the nature of pollutants are chemicals. Health of living things relies on a clean environment.

Essay on Soil Pollution – Long Essay (Essay 5 – 550 Words)

Soil pollution is one of the major threat faced by our world and the main reason behind this issue is human activities. Humans behave very irresponsibly when the fact comes to serving back to nature who provide us with many gifts and blessings.

The soil is the nature’s gift on which we live, walk, find the source for food, grow food, etc. But anything done in an excessive way becomes poisonous to the environment. Carefree use of soil has caused the increased soil pollution rate which eventually will make the land unusable and non-recyclable.

Causes of Soil Pollution:

One type of action that causes soil pollution is the excess use of fertilizers. The development in the field of agriculture to produce more amount of crops within the time limit without the crop getting affected by external and internal factors introduced the chemical fertilizers in the market. These chemical fertilizers used in an uncontrolled manner will eventually destroy the natural fertility of the soil and make it a wasteland over time thus causing soil pollution.

The same goes with the pesticides, insecticides, herbicides, etc. These chemically produced materials for keeping insects, and other small living beings away from the crop, living area, etc., are really harmful to our land. They gradually suck away all the goodness in the soil which results in the destruction and causes soil pollution.

Industrialization is another cause of soil pollution. The excessive production of industrial waste that gets disposed on land will make the soil inappropriate for further use as it will be contaminated with the chemicals from the waste. Not only wastes from factories but also the homes and the other biological wastes create soil pollution like plastics, unprocessed biological wastes, etc.

Not only physical wastes affect the soil and results in soil pollution but also the radioactive ones. The radiations from different industries and works like mining, nuclear energy processing, etc., are a major threat to the soil that causes soil pollution.

Soil erosion is a natural cause that results in soil pollution.This natural disaster washes away all the goodness in the soil and makes it a wasteland inappropriate for any kind of usage and also contaminates the soil with other wastes too.

Effects of Soil Pollution:

All these industrial, urban, radioactive and biological wastes thrown on soil without processing and management will cause soil pollution to a massive amount and threatens the life of the human, animal and other living beings who all depend on the land in one way or the other.

All these contaminations in the soil are eventually transformed into the crops, plants and other products we cultivate on the land. The chemicals from the wastes, radiations, etc., are absorbed by the roots and this chemically contaminated food is consumed by animal, birds, human, etc. This consumption will cause many types of diseases, physically and mentally, to the living race.

The chemically concentrated fertilizers and pesticides used for better production of crops is actually a curse to the living being eating them. Soil pollution due to this type of chemicals causes physical and mental disabilities in human. Even the new born child get affected by soil pollution making them grow disabled and retarded.

Soil pollution should be controlled and otherwise, every living being will be facing a big disaster that will eventually destroy everything once we had.

Essay on Soil Pollution – Causes and Health Effects (Essay 6 – 600 Words)


Soil pollution can be said to be the mixing together of chemicals that are made by man (like agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes and various waste disposals that are harmful from factories, houses, etc.) indirectly or directly into the soil that is natural that causes the degradation of land and also makes a particular piece of land unfit for cropping. Soil can also be said to be a resource on earth that is natural and supports directly plants’ life and the life of animals indirectly from the dawn of existence. Soil is one very complex but important substance that is available on the surface of the earth everywhere.

A soil can be useful in the growing of crops is called a productive soil. It is very important that our lands remain secure and safe and devoid of any form of impurity. It has become impossible to have a soil that is devoid of impurities as a result of technological advancement. Toxic substances that are released into the soil as a result of use of pesticides, chemical fertilizers, industrial wastes and insecticides pollute the soil and greatly affect the soil’s fertility negatively. The nutrients of a soil are depleted by soil pollution as a result of the presence of foreign elements that are undesirable in heavy concentration in the soil by chemicals.

Causes of Soil Pollution:

There are a lot of things that can cause soil pollution; some of them are highlighted below:

1. Road debris

2. Industrial accidents

3. Agrochemicals like fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides

4. Intensive farming

5. Acid rain

6. Storage tanks that are underground corroding

7. Accidental spills that occur during activities

8. Mining and other activities of heavy industries

9. Oil spills

10. Electronic waste disposal

11. Coal ash

12. Illegal dumping and landfill

13. Sewage discharge

14. Industrial waste discharge directly into soil

15. Nuclear waste disposal

16. Fuel and oil dumping

17. War agents like chemical agents and ammunition

18. Drainage of surface water that is contaminated into soil

Health Effects of Soil Pollution:

Soil that is polluted or contaminated affects the health of human directly. When there is a contact directly with the soil or through inhaling of the vaporized soil contaminants a greater threat is posed through soil contamination infiltrating into the groundwater aquifers that are used by humans for consumption. Some of the effects of soil pollution on health include skin rash, eye irritation, fatigue, nausea, headache, liver conditions, kidney problems and leukaemia.


Soil pollution is the lowering of the quality of soil through the different natural processes and man’s actions that makes the soil not fit for the production of crops. Soil pollution is being caused to a large extent by the population of humans that is increasing and also the advancement in the lives of humans. The major causes of the pollution of soil are forest fires, soil erosion that is excessive, pesticides (herbicides and insecticides), chemical fertilizers, biocides, deforestation, over irrigation, water logging, water irrigation that is untreated, drought, leaching, industrial and urban waste, etc.

Studies have shown that soil pollution is increasing at a very alarming rate in urban and rural areas alike. Research has shown that the amount of fertilizers (chemicals) that is used by farmers have increased by about five million tons between 1980 and 1981 and by about eighteen million tons between 1990 and 2000 in a bid to increase the production of crops. These chemicals that are toxic get into the body of human from the food chain bringing harm through the cause of physical deformities and defect of neural tubes in babies that are new born.

Essay on Soil Pollution – For College and University Students (Essay 7 – 750 Words)


Soil pollution is a very big challenge for our environment today. The soil is the weathering of outside layers of earth over the eras which support the diversity of tiny and macroscopic forms of life but soil pollution is easily contaminating the soil these days.

Causes of Soil Pollution:

Soil pollution is also known as soil contamination that happens when impurities inside the soil decreases its quality.

The following are the numerous causes of soil pollution:

i. Industrial Pollution:

Inappropriate discarding of industrial chemical waste results in soil pollution. The disposal of heavy metals, oil and fuel dumping, industrial waste, acid deposition, and toxic chemicals results in the contamination of soil.

ii. Usage of Inorganic Manures:

Extreme usage of inorganic nitrogen manures inside the system of agriculture is also linked to soil pollution, partially through the procedure of nitrification.

iii. Poor Irrigation Practice:

The major cause of soil pollution is the poor practice of irrigation. When you over-water the land, it results in the water table’s increased level that leads to higher capillary action. Likewise, poor care of irrigation waterways and channels can lead to water leakage inside the neighbouring agricultural land. Moreover, the lack of crop rotation as well as intensive farming can also have an adverse effect on the soil’s quality after some time.

iv. Urban Activities:

It includes the inappropriate waste discarding and construction of buildings that result in soil pollution by inhibiting the right water drainage. The animal compost and human sewage can contaminate the soil by altering its chemical composition.

Severe Effects of Soil Pollution:

Soil pollution is quite a severe issue that has numerous negative influences on the environment and the soil itself, like:

i. Poor Crop Productivity:

The more usage of chemical fertilizers, inorganic fertilizers and pesticides have ultimately reduced the fertility of soil at a rapid pace. The decreased quality of soil results in poor crop productivity too as due to heavy soil pollution the soil become less useful for developing crops.

ii. Unstable Chemical Composition:

Diverse kinds of soil naturally possess dissimilar chemical structures which are sensibly balanced. The arrival of contaminants like sulphides or mercury easily disrupts this equilibrium.

iii. Consequence on Environment and Biodiversity:

The soil pollution also results in the shortage of biodiversity in an environment. The existence of insect, bird, reptile species and mammals that survives inside the soil too get affected by the soil pollution as the soil is an essential habitat for them.

Preventative Measures for Soil Pollution:

Soil pollution might have a disturbing influence on the life of humans, plants, and animals and thus, some steps should be taken to stop this problem. The following are few valuable preventative measures that should be applied for preventing the soil pollution to a great extent:

i. Go Organic:

There should be more organic agriculture that utilizes much fewer pesticides and chemical fertilizers which ultimately stops the chemicals from seeping inside the soil.

ii. Community Awareness:

Making people aware of the negative impacts of soil pollution might benefit in preventing its occurrence.

iii. Correct Farming Methods:

Exploring the substitutes to pesticides and chemical fertilizers is a perfect approach to stop the soil pollution. In fact, there should be more encouragement to the mixed and rotational farming to avoid the contamination of soil.

iv. Discard Household Waste Sensibly:

The recycling of the waste material instead of dumping it inside landfill will also avoid the soil pollution. In order to make the soil free of hazardous substances, nobody should throw the electrical items and batteries into dustbins of home.

v. Manage or Stop Industrial Waste:

The right management of domestic and industrial waste will also help in preventing the problem of soil erosion. The treatment of solid waste is also one of the useful preventive measures. In fact, the right methods of waste disposal will make sure that industrial waste is not contaminating our valuable soil.


Soil pollution is mostly caused by improper human activity. Today, lot of human beings are rapidly discarding the harmful waste and also utilizing the damaging agricultural chemicals (like fertilizers or pesticides) that quite easily soak inside the land. It not only results in soil pollution but also harms the biodiversity.

The conservation of our environment is significant and the prevention of soil erosion will result in a healthier and cleaner planet for us. If we want to make our coming generation happy and healthy in future then, we should start taking some remedial steps for stopping the soil erosion from today. It is not helpful for humans but it is also beneficial for the existence of beautiful spices of animals and plants on the earth.

Essay on Soil Pollution – For IAS, IPS, UPSC and Other Competitive Exams (Essay 8 – 1000 Words)

Soil pollution is the state of the soil when it is contaminated with the presence of harmful substances which can pose a threat to the various forms of life on the earth. All soils, regardless of whether contaminated or unpolluted, contain some amount of contaminants which are normally present. Such contaminants include metals, inorganic particles and salts such as phosphates, carbonates, sulphates, nitrates etc., and numerous natural compounds such as lipids, proteins, DNA, unsaturated fats, hydrocarbons, PAHs, alcohols, and so on.

The decay of creatures including plants and animals and soil microbial action usually result in the formation of these contaminants. Furthermore, different contaminants get into the soil from the environment, for example with precipitation water, and by wind movement or different sorts of soil unsettling influences, and from surface water bodies and shallow groundwater moving through the dirt. At the point when the measures of soil contaminants surpass commonly accepted dimensions as compared to what is normally present in different soil, we term it as soil pollution.

Types of Soil Pollution:

There are two types of pollutants in the soil, namely natural pollutants and pollutants added due to human activities. Natural Pollutants include organic compounds and inorganic particles resulting from natural activities such as the decay of animals and plants. However, these pollutants are not a cause of worry and in fact, they replenish the soil of their nutrients. The other category is man-made pollutants. Man-made pollutants include chemical waste from the industries, oil and fuel dumping, nuclear waste, landfills and illegal dumping, coal ash and other such wastes that originate from human activities and are discharged in the soil without being treated. The most common sources of these pollutants are pesticides, heavy metals and petroleum hydrocarbons.

Causes of Soil Pollution:

Man-made pollutants are the major cause of soil pollution. Such pollutants come from various sources such as agriculture, industries and casual approach of humans towards the importance of soil. Some of the pollutants are spread in large volumes and hence are a cause of concern. For instance, there is rampant use of pesticides in agriculture today. However, that was not the case until a few years ago. Prior to World War II, the synthetic nicotine concoction present in the tobacco plants was utilized as the bug controlling substance in horticultural practices.

In any case, DDT was observed to be helpful for jungle fever control and as a nuisance controller of numerous creepy crawlies during World War II. Along these lines, it was utilized for controlling numerous illnesses. Subsequently, post-war, individuals began utilizing it as a nuisance controller in agribusiness for executing rodents, weeds, creepy crawlies, and so forth and for maintaining a strategic distance from the harms because of these vermin. However, slowly people recognised the harmful effects it has on the soil and hence it has been banned in many countries as on today’s date including India. But, the damage to the soil has already been done.

Similarly, the erroneous method for disposal of industrial waste from various sorts of industries causes soil pollution. Human exercises like this have prompted pollution of soil because of the transfer of mechanical waste, substantial metals, poisonous synthetic concoctions, dumping oil and fuel, and so on.

Additionally, dispersal of solid waste in the soil is another major cause of soil pollution. Transfer of plastics, jars, and other strong waste along with the transfer of electrical products, for example, batteries causes an antagonistic impact on the soil because of the harmful chemicals present in them.

Effects of Soil Pollution:

Soil pollution is a global problem and is not just restricted to India. The contamination of soil has had a severe impact on the quality of crops as the roots of the crops are not able to absorb proper nutrients from the soil due to the presence of contaminants. This has made the soil less productive in many parts of the country and efforts are on to replenish the soil of its nutrients.

Another direct impact of soil pollution on human health is the onset of various diseases due to our contact with the pollutants of the soil. For instance, the areas where soil pollution is high have recorded an increase in respiratory problems especially in children along with skin infection and even skin cancer.

Soil pollution leads to an increase in water pollution levels as well. This is because the contaminants of the soil near the rivers or other water bodies lead to the contaminants being mixed with the flowing water of rives, thereby polluting it. Soil pollution affects the ecosystem at large as it affects the survival of other species as well.

Initiatives by the Government:

The control of soil pollution should be a serious concern for all. Some efforts have been initiated by the Government of India in order to educate people on the importance of cleanliness which in its own terms is vital to reduce soil pollution. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is one such mission through which the Government has been educating people not to contaminate the soil by throwing solid waste and keep the surroundings clean for a healthy life for all. A regular sprinkling of water on roads is done in order to prevent soil erosion.

The Solution Ahead:

It is not the duty of the government alone to initiate steps to reduce soil pollution. Each one of us can do our bit to support the government in this project. For instance, we must ensure that we throw garbage on the designated spots only and not on roads. Similarly, industries should ensure proper disposal of their waste in accordance with the laws of the country.

Increased use of renewable energy sources such as solar energy is another step which can help in reducing soil pollution. We must ensure that we have more plants and trees around us and should nourish them regularly with water and manure. Trees are very important to bind the soil and hence prevent soil erosion. Last, but not the least, educating people on the ill effects of soil pollution and encouraging them to change their habits for the betterment of the ecosystem as well as of our country, is the best method to reduce soil pollution.

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Soil is one of the essential natural resources. It is the basis of food production, and it supports a wide variety of plant and animal life. Soil pollution is the contamination of soils with substances that would not usually be naturally found in a place. Soil pollution can be caused by many factors, such as fertilisers and pesticides from farms, construction sites that discard dirt, and the improper disposal of household chemicals. BYJU’S essay on soil pollution teaches us the causes, effects and ways to prevent soil pollution.

Soil pollution is the contamination of soils with chemicals, metals, or other harmful substances. These substances can come from various sources such as industrial wastes, sewage disposal, and pesticides. These substances can cause humans and other organisms in the soil to die. They also contaminate water sources. Moreover, soil pollution causes groundwater contamination, making it dangerous for people to drink without boiling first because it could contain bacteria. An important factor in soil pollution is that it can lead to air pollution. Now, let us learn the reasons for soil pollution by reading a soil pollution introduction essay.

Causes of Soil Pollution

Soil pollution can occur from various sources, but the most common sources are agricultural and industrial activities. These activities include the improper storage and disposal of pesticides and fertilisers and the use of harmful chemicals for manufacturing processes. As the careless use of these chemicals affects soil quality, it will eventually lead to a shortage in food production. Soil pollution essay in English helps understand the reasons for soil pollution.

Waste disposal sites or factories near rivers or streams also often cause soil pollution because they release pollutants into surface water leading to water pollution. Another common cause of soil pollution is dumping trash. This can include anything from household garbage to industrial and medical waste. The toxins in these materials can leach into the soil and contaminate it; this means that any plants grown in that soil will also be tainted. Some chemicals are even known to cause cancer or other diseases. Pollution from toxic waste such as metal smelting, chemical manufacturing, and oil refining can also harm soil quality.

Effects of Soil Pollution

After understanding the causes of soil pollution, let us know the adverse effects by reading the soil pollution essay. Harmful substances disposed of in water can leach into the soil and contaminate nearby water sources. One of the negative effects of soil pollution is that it can be challenging to grow plants in areas where the soil is contaminated. Without plants, rainwater will flood.

Soil pollution has detrimental effects on our environment, but it is hard to see the accumulation of pollutants and how severe the damage is. Soil can act as a sink that soaks up contaminants such as pesticides and heavy metals. However, soil can take in only a limited amount of these substances, at which point they are no longer absorbed into the ground and start to build up in the atmosphere. This will eventually lead to the contamination of air, water, and food supplies.

Soil pollution is a global issue and is a problem that affects everyone. The most important things to do are to stop using pesticides and herbicides, take care of your plants, use organic fertilisers and compost, avoid spreading trash or hazardous materials in the park, and limit chemical fertilisers. The effects of soil pollution are a significant concern, and hence we must learn how to prevent soil pollution by reading BYJU’S how to prevent soil pollution essay.

Sewage from cities and factory waste can contaminate the soil. One way to reduce this is to use a two-chamber septic tank. Many people in developing countries don’t know about this type of septic tank, but it effectively reduces soil pollution.

To conclude, we must join hands in preventing soil pollution. For more kids learning activities like GK questions and worksheets, visit BYJU’S website.

Frequently Asked Questions on Soil Pollution


Do chemical fertilisers harm the soil?

Yes. The chemical fertilisers harm the soil.


What are the three significant causes of soil pollution?

Three significant causes of soil pollution are incorrect waste disposal, oil spills and industrial activities.